Health and Safety Practitioner curriculum standard for comment

The Occupational Health and Safety Practitioner curriculum standard draft was sent to mining and industrial employers for comment in July 2015.

The standard for future health and safety vocational training courses was developed about two years ago (see earlier draft texts on Sheqafrica.com).

The MQA and QCTO circular reads; “Please find attached the OHS curriculum for input and comment. Please bring all comments to the workshop or alternatively email me any comments and we will address them at the workshop.

“Bring or email your company endorsement letters on your Company Letterhead (template attached), Regards, Jeannette de Leeuw [SGB specialist].

“A verification workshop (broad consultation) will be held on the 30th July 2015 for the OHS Practitioner qualifications; in order for the MQA as the DQP (Development Quality Partner) to obtain sign off from industry that the qualifications developed for the occupation/s is fit for purpose and meet industry requirements.

“This is needed in order for the MQA to submit these qualifications to the QCTO for registration on the NQF. Send a list of names and email addresses of the persons you have circulated the documents to.

“We need endorsements from your company on a company letterhead endorsing the QCTO curriculum that was developed. Please send these letters to me as soon as possible. I have attached a sample letter for those that require it.

“Should you not be able to attend the workshop, please provide me with a company letter indicating whether your mining house supports the qualification that was developed. Letters can be emailed to jeannettedl@mqa.org.za

“Final drafts of the qualifications will be circulated in due course. Please circulate the documents for wide consultation for any comments.

“DATE OF MEETING: 30th July 2015, PARKTONIAN HOTEL, 09H30 to approx 14H30. Attendance is limited to 50 persons, therefore a maximum of two delegates per company will be accommodated.

“Please confirm your attendance with CarolS@mqa.org.za by 22 July 2015, or 011 630 3559 or fax 086 527 6488.”

Extracts from the draft Health and Safety Practitioner curriculum standard follow below;

SECTION 1: CURRICULUM OVERVIEW
1. Background to the Curriculum
2. Alignment with the Organising Framework of Occupations (OFO)
Curriculum Information
Curriculum Structure
Knowledge Subjects
Practical Skills Modules
Work Experience Modules
TOTAL QUALIFICATION CREDITS: 256

Entry Requirements
Part Qualifications associated with this Curriculum
SECTION 2: OCCUPATIONAL PROFILE
Title: Occupational Health and Safety Practitioner
Occupational Purpose
Occupational Tasks
Task Details:

SECTION 3: CURRICULUM COMPONENT SPECIFICATIONS
SECTION 3A: KNOWLEDGE SUBJECT SPECIFICATIONS
Provider Accreditation Requirements:
SECTION 3B: PRACTICAL SKILL MODULE SPECIFICATIONS
List of Practical Skills Modules for which Specifications are included:
SECTION 3C: WORK EXPERIENCE MODULE SPECIFICATIONS

OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH AND SAFETY PRACTITIONER
SECTION 1: CURRICULUM OVERVIEW

Background to the Curriculum: The lack of a standard curriculum for training and development of Occupational Health and Safety Practitioners in South Africa has been a problem for all sectors of the industry for many years. Not only did it result in an abnormal variance in entry qualifications being accepted in the broader industry it also created disparity in the training and education being offered by tertiary institutions and related service providers.

This unbearable situation led to the Mine Qualification Authority to apply on behalf of the Safety Professions of South Africa to register an Occupational Safety and Health Curriculum with the Quality Council for Trades and Occupations.

It is the view of the broad spectrum of Safety Professionals who took part and contributed towards the development of this curriculum that this document will be regarded as the true benchmark for training and development of Occupational Health and Safety Practitioners in all the different industries.

SECTION 2: OCCUPATIONAL PROFILE

Title: Occupational Health and Safety Practitioner
OFO Code: 226302-001

Occupational Purpose; Serve as a link between employees and management regarding safety and health aspects in the workplace, monitor and inspect the workplace and record and investigate incidents. They also implement and maintain Occupational Health and Safety systems in order to ensure a safe and healthy work environment.

Occupational Tasks

TASK 01: Inspect work places and environments to identify the occupational health and safety hazards and determine the risks associated with the work (NQF Level: 3)

TASK 02: Represent the needs of employees with regard to Occupational Health and Safety matters. (NQF Level: 2)

TASK 03: Facilitate and support actions to eliminate or control hazards in order to minimise risks in a designated work area (NQF Level: 4)

TASK 04: Participate in the planning and implementation of operational occupational health and safety management systems (NQF Level: 5)

TASK 05: Monitor and continually improve the effectiveness of operational Occupational
Health and Safety systems (NQF Level: 5)

Task Details

TASK 01: Inspect work places and environments to identify the occupational health and safety hazards and determine the risks associated with the work (NQF Level: 3)
Unique Product or Service; Occupational health and safety hazards in specific workplaces identified and risks determined.
Occupational Responsibilities; Represent the needs of employees with regard to Occupational Health and Safety matters; Inspect work places, identify hazards and risks and take immediate action to ensure health and safety in the workplace
Context; Exposure to the workplace examination processes.

TASK 02: Represent the needs of employees with regard to Occupational Health and Safety matters. (NQF Level: 2)
Unique Product or Service; Employees represented regarding occupational Health and safety issues
Occupational Responsibilities; Consult with employees and raise their needs and issues at Health and Safety Meetings.
Context; Exposure to the processes of representing the occupational health and safety needs of employees

TASK 03: Facilitate and support actions to eliminate or control hazards in order to minimise risks in a designated work area (NQF Level: 4)
Unique Product or Service; Workplace hazards and risks mitigated
Occupational Responsibilities; Inspect work places and environments to identify the occupational health and safety hazards and determine the risks associated with the work; Coordinate the work activities of occupational, health and safety representatives.
Context; Exposure to occupational risk management processes; Exposure to the processes of selecting, appointing and managing occupational health and safety representatives

TASK 04: Participate in the planning and implementation of operational occupational health and safety management systems (NQF Level: 5)
Unique Product or Service; Operational Occupational Health and Safety system planned and implemented
Occupational Responsibilities; Develop a risk profile and legal register for a designated work area; Establish, maintain and improve the health and safety documentation and reporting systems, controls and processes; Advise on the establishment maintenance and improvement of emergency response and preparedness
Context; Exposure to the processes of developing and implementing occupational health and safety systems

TASK 05: Monitor and continually improve the effectiveness of operational Occupational Health and Safety systems (NQF Level: 5)
Unique Product or Service; Effectively operating operational Occupational Health and Safety systems
Occupational Responsibilities; Manage the effectiveness of operational Occupational Health and Safety systems
Context; Exposure to the processes of monitoring and improving occupational health and safety systems.

2. Alignment with the Organising Framework of Occupations (OFO)

This curriculum includes the following Occupations as indicated on the OFO; with NQF levels, and credit points;

226302 – 001
Practitioner: Occupational Health and Safety
Practitioners: Occupational Health and Safety: Serve as a link between employees and management regarding safety and health aspects in the workplace, monitor and inspect the workplace and record and investigate incidents. They also implement and maintain Occupational Health and Safety systems in order to ensure a safe and healthy work environment.

226302-001-KS-01
Fundamentals of Occupational Health and Safety Practice
2
9

226302-001-KS-02
Fundamentals of Communication
3
6

226302-001-KS-03
Occupational Health and Safety applications
4
17

226302-001-KS-04
Occupational Health and Safety Management
5
38

226302-001-KS-05
Operations Management and Supervision
5
7
Total Knowledge Credits: 77

Practical Skills Modules

226302-001-PM-01
Represent the needs of employees with regard to Occupational Health and Safety matters
3
8

226302-001-PM-02
Inspect work places, identify hazards and risks and take immediate action to ensure health and safety in the workplace
3
4

226302-001-PM-03
Consult with employees and raise their needs and issues at Health and Safety Meetings.
2
1

226302-001-PM-04
Inspect work places and environments to identify the occupational health and safety hazards and determine the risks associated with the work
4
16

226302-001-PM-05
Coordinate the work activities of occupational, health and safety representatives.
4
6

226302-001-PM-06
Develop a risk profile and legal register for a designated work area
5
6

226302-001-PM-07
Establish, maintain and improve the health and safety documentation and reporting systems, controls and processes
5
4

226302-001-PM-08
Advise on the establishment maintenance and improvement of emergency response and preparedness
5
8

226302-001-PM-09
Manage the effectiveness of operational Occupational Health and Safety systems
5
6
Total Practical Skill Credits: 59

Work Experience Modules

226302-001-WM-01
Exposure to the workplace examination processes
2
12

226302-001-WM-02
Exposure to the processes of representing the occupational health and safety needs of employees
3
6

226302-001-WM-03
Exposure to occupational risk management processes
4
12

226302-001-WM-04
Exposure to the processes of selecting, appointing and managing occupational health and safety representatives
4
8

226302-001-WM-05
Exposure to the processes of developing and implementing occupational health and safety systems
5
48

226302-001-WM-06
Exposure to the processes of monitoring and improving occupational health and safety systems
5
34

Total Work Experience Credits: 120
TOTAL QUALIFICATION CREDITS: 256
Knowledge: 30%
Practical Skills: 23%
Workplace: 47%

Entry Requirements
NQF Level 1

Part Qualifications associated with this Curriculum

26302-001-PQ-01 Occupational Health and safety Representative
226302-001-PQ-01 Full Time Representative/OHS Assistant
226302-001-PQ-01 Occupational Health and safety Representative

Purpose: The purpose of this part qualification is to enable Occupational Health and Safety representatives to operate effectively within the workplace and to meet the related legislative requirements

Knowledge Topics included in this part qualification:

Roles and responsibilities of the Occupational Health and safety representative as set out in the relevant legislation (Intermediate)
1

Legislative requirements related to Occupational health and safety (Basic)
1

Definitions of and difference between Occupational Health, Occupational Safety, Occupational Hygiene and Environmental management. (Basic)
1

Concept of behavioural safety management (Basic)
1

Concepts and principles of emergency preparedness and response (Basic)
1

Principles of hazards identification and risks assessment(Basic)
1

Principles of safe working practices in and around the place of work (Intermediate)
1

Techniques of accident and incident investigation (Intermediate)
1

Roles and responsibilities of the various stakeholders in a workplace regarding Occupational Health and Safety (Intermediate)
1

Concepts and theories of coaching, influencing people in an assertive manner and dealing with conflict. (Intermediate)
4

Principles and ethics of auditing (Advanced)
2

Total Knowledge Credits: 15

Practical Skill Modules included in this Part Qualification:

226302-001-PM-01
Represent the needs of employees with regard to Occupational Health and Safety matters
4

226302-001-PM-02
Inspect work places, identify hazards and risks and take immediate action to ensure health and safety in the workplace
4

226302-001-PM-03
Consult with employees and raise their needs and issues at Health and Safety Meetings.
1

Total Practical Skill Credits: 9

Work Experience Modules included in this Part Qualification:

226302-001-WM-01
Exposure to the workplace examination processes
4

226302-001-WM-02
Exposure to the processes of representing the occupational health and safety needs of employees
4

Total Work Experience Credits: 8
Total Credits for the part Qualification: 32

226302-001-PQ-02 Full Time Representative/OHS Assistant

Purpose: The purpose of this part qualification is to enable full time Occupational Health and Safety Representatives/Assistant OHS Officers to master all the knowledge practical skills and work experience to function effectively within industry

Knowledge Topics Included:

Principles, concepts and processes of hazard identification, risk assessment and control (Intermediate)
3

Techniques of accident and incident investigation (Intermediate)
3

Principles of occupational hygiene measuring instruments and the interpretation of the readings in terms of the threshold limits of such measurements (Basic)
2

Principles of safe working practices in and around the place of work (Intermediate)
3

Criteria and standards for effective documentation and document control (Advanced)
2

Concepts and principles of cause and effect analysis and how this applies to occupational hazard identification and risk assessment. and incident and accident investigation.(Advanced)
1

Principles, concepts and processes of hazard identification, risk assessment and control(Intermediate)
3

Application of monitoring, evaluation and corrective action in occupational health and safety. (Intermediate)
3

Structure of the regulatory requirements regarding occupational health and safety and how it links to the occupational health and safety management system. (Advanced)
2

Total Topic Credits: 22

Practical Skill Modules included in this Part Qualification:

226302-001-PM-04
Inspect work places and environments to identify the occupational health and safety hazards and determine the risks associated with the work
16

226302-001-PM-05
Coordinate the work activities of occupational, health and safety representatives.
6

Total Practical Skill Credits: 22

Work Experience Modules included in this Part Qualification:

226302-001-WM-03
Exposure to occupational risk management processes
12

226302-001-WM-04
Exposure to the processes of selecting, appointing and managing occupational health and safety representatives
8

Total Work Experience Credits: 20
TOTAL CREDITS FOR THIS Part Qualification: 64

SECTION 3: CURRICULUM COMPONENT SPECIFICATIONS

SECTION 3A: KNOWLEDGE SUBJECT SPECIFICATIONS

Knowledge Subjects for which Specifications are included

226302-001-KS-01
Fundamentals of Occupational Health and Safety Practice
2
9

226302-001-KS-02
Fundamentals of Communication
3
6

226302-001-KS-03
Occupational Health and Safety applications
4
17

226302-001-KS-04
Occupational Health and Safety Management
5
38

226302-001-KS-05
Operations Management and Supervision
5
7

Total Knowledge Credits: 77

226302-001-KS-01: Fundamentals of Occupational Health and Safety Practice

Purpose of the Knowledge Module
The focus of the learning in this subject is on building understanding of the key quality and safety issues that impact on the productivity of employees. The learning includes the key issues relevant to the procedural and legal aspects required to monitor work progress and the use of equipment and instruments

Topics included in this module:

226302-001-KS-01:01
Roles and responsibilities of the Occupational Health and safety representative as set out in the relevant legislation (Intermediate)
30
1

226302-001-KS-01:02
Legislative requirements related to Occupational health and safety (Basic)
10
1

226302-001-KS-01:03
Definitions of and difference between Occupational Health, Occupational Safety, Occupational Hygiene and Environmental management. (Basic)
10
1

226302-001-KS-01:04
Concept of behavioural safety management (Basic)
10
1

226302-001-KS-01:05
Concepts and principles of emergency preparedness and response (Basic)
20
1

226302-001-KS-01:06
Principles of hazards identification and risks assessment(Basic)
10
1

226302-001-KS-01:07
Principles of safe working practices in and around the place of work (Intermediate)
5
1

226302-001-KS-01:08
Techniques of accident and incident investigation (Intermediate)
5
1

226302-001-KS-01:09
Roles and responsibilities of the various stakeholders in a workplace regarding Occupational Health and Safety (Intermediate)
5
1

TOTAL TOPIC CREDITS: 9

226302-001-KS-01:01 -Roles and responsibilities of the Occupational Health and safety representative as set out in the relevant legislation (Intermediate) (Credits: 1)

Topic Elements to be covered include:
1. Explain the purpose of the Occupational health and Safety representative:
a. Functions as described in the legislation;
b. Rights and duties of the employer and employees regarding occupational health and safety;
c. Rights and powers of health safety representatives. (NQF Level: 2)

2. Describe the process for appointing Occupational Health and safety representatives:
a. Negotiation and consultation process;
b. designation of the working places;
c. Qualification requirements of representatives;
d. Election and appointment of the representatives. (NQF Level: 2)

3. Explain the functions of the occupational Health and safety Committees: a. Structure of the various committees; b. Rights and powers of the Occupational Health and Safety committees; c. Legal obligation to support the work of the committees. e. The importance of compliance with the relevant legislation. (NQF
Level: 2)

Internal Assessment Criteria:

1. Given scenarios relating to the work of Occupational Health and Safety representatives in various occupational settings be able to: a. Identify where the legal rights and duties of the Occupational Health and Safety representative is being ignored and/or exceeded; b. Indicate if the correct processes are being used to select and appoint the Occupational Health and safety representative and how these processes can be improved; c. Identify where the incorrect structuring of Occupational Health and Safety Committees are hampering the effective functioning of the Occupational Health and Safety representative and how these deviations present a risk to the organisation (Weight: 100%)

226302-001-KS-01:02 -Legislative requirements related to Occupational health and safety (Basic) (Credits: 1)

Topic Elements to be covered include:

1. Explain the purpose and structure of the relevant legislation applicable to a specific workplace. a. Identify the Act. (NQF Level: 3)
2. Explain the difference between the various legislative instruments: a. Act b. Regulation; c. Code of Practice; d. Policy; e. Procedure; f. Standards. (NQF Level: 3)

Internal Assessment Criteria

1. Given descriptions of various working environments and a list of the relevant legislation with the purpose of each of the pieces of legislation. Be able to: a. correctly identify the sections of legislation that will be applicable to managing Occupational Health and Safety in each of the work environments; b. With reference to the learning material correctly explain the difference between the various types and levels of legislation. (Weight: 100%)

226302-001-KS-01:03 -Definitions of and difference between Occupational Health,
Occupational Safety, Occupational Hygiene and Environmental management. (Basic) (Credits: 1)

Topic Elements to be covered include:

1. Define and describe occupational health, safety and environmental control: a. Objectives of each of the functions; b. Key roles and responsibilities of the various disciplines (NQF Level: 2)

Internal Assessment Criteria:
1. Explain what the different roles and responsibilities are of all the sub disciplines related to Occupational Health, Safety and Environment. (Including Occupational Hygiene, Medicine etc.) (Weight: 100%)

226302-001-KS-01:04 -Concept of behavioural safety management (Basic) (Credits: 1)

Topic Elements to be covered include:
1. Explain what is meant by behaviour and how the behaviour of people influence their health and safety (NQF Level: 2)
2. Describe the factors that influence the behaviour of people and give examples of this in a work environment; (NQF Level: 2)
3. Identify and explain the role of behavioural modification in influencing the overall health and safety of employees; (NQF Level: 3)
4. Explain what contribution leadership can make towards creating a culture where unacceptable behaviour regarding health and safety issues are not tolerated. (NQF Level: 2)

Internal Assessment Criteria:

1. Given at least three different safety behaviour scenarios be able to;
a. Identify the correct safety behaviours;
b. Identify incorrect safety behaviours;
c. Describe what must be done to improve the safety behaviours. (Weight: 100%)

226302-001-KS-01:05 -Concepts and principles of emergency preparedness and response (Basic) (Credits: 1)

Topic Elements to be covered include:

1. Explain the definition of an emergency and give examples of typical emergencies that could occur in the workplace; (NQF Level: 2)
2. Explain the difference between preparedness and response and give examples of typical preparedness and response actions; (NQF Level: 2)
3. Describe the roles of the various role players to ensure that an organisation is adequately prepared for emergencies; (NQF Level: 2)
4. Describe the roles of the various role players when an emergency occur. (NQF Level: 2)

Internal Assessment Criteria:

1. Given different business scenarios and descriptions of various emergencies be able to;
a. Indicate what emergency plans must be in place in the typical businesses;
b. Identify what was done correctly when dealing with the different emergencies;
c. Describe the responsibilities of the various role players in the given emergencies. (Weight: 100%)

226302-001-KS-01:06 -The principles of hazards identification and risks assessment (Basic) (Credits: 1)

Topic Elements to be covered include:
1. Give practical examples to explain what a hazard is and how hazards relate to risks (NQF Level: 2)
2. Explain the concept of priority setting and relate it to the process of hazard and risk rating (NQF Level: 3)

Internal Assessment Criteria:
1. Given scenarios of typical workplace situations learners will indicate all the hazards in the given scenario and describe the risks that these hazards bring about (Weight: 100%)

226302-001-KS-01:07 -Principles of safe working practices in and around the place of work (Intermediate) (Credits: 1)

Topic Elements to be covered include:
1. Explain what is meant by a working practice using practical examples (NQF Level: 2)
2. Explain the concept of habits and how good and bad habits can be established with specific reference to occupational health and safety situations (NQF Level: 2)

Internal Assessment Criteria:
1. Using experiences from personal work life learners describe typical safe and unsafe work practices (Weight: 5%)

226302-001-KS-01:08 -Techniques of accident and incident investigation (Intermediate) (Credits: 1)

Topic Elements to be covered include:
1. Explain the difference between an accident and incident (NQF Level: 2)
2. Describe the generally accepted hierarchy of how incidents lead to accidents (Iceberg and domino concept) (NQF Level: 2)
3. Explain the basic process of accident and incident investigation (NQF Level: 2)

Internal Assessment Criteria:
1. Using a practical workplace example describe the process of investigating accidents and incidents (Weight: 5%)

226302-001-KS-01:09 -Roles and responsibilities of the various stakeholders in a workplace regarding Occupational Health and Safety (Intermediate) (Credits: 1)

Topic Elements to be covered include:
1. List the key stakeholders that are involved in the prevention of accidents and incidents in the workplace (NQF Level: 2)
2. Describe the role of each of the key stakeholders in preventing accidents and incidents (NQF Level: 2)
3. Explain the consequences when a stakeholder does not execute their duty in accident/incident prevention (NQF Level: 2)
4. Explain the role of the safety representative when one of the other stakeholders do not do what is expected of them (NQF Level: 2)

Internal Assessment Criteria:

1. Given a list of stakeholders accurately indicate what each of them must do to prevent accidents and incidents (Weight: 100%)

Provider Accreditation Requirements:
Human Resources
Facilitators of learning must:
a. Be in possession of a recognized qualification in the field of OHS at a level of at least NQF 3 or equivalent;
b. Have completed at least three years relevant work experience;
c. Be in possession of a recognised Adult Learning qualification at the level of at least a Facilitator Certificate. – or prove this through relevant recognition of prior learning.
e. Appropriate arrangements must be in place to conduct learner assessments in a fair and equitable manner.

Physical Resources
Providers must have access to:

a. Back up facilitators;
b. A physical address and access to proper lecture facilities, audio visual aids and equipment with appropriate contingencies;
c. Maximum facilitator/learner ratio should not exceed 1:15;
d. Venues must have adequate seating, and ergonomic requirements to cater for the number of learners.
e. Facilities must be provided for breakaway sessions and all the simulations and other resources as stipulated in the module specifications.
f. Appropriate learning resources must be available and accessible to meet the requirements as set out in the curriculum.
g. All learners must be provided with easy access to the required learning materials and resources.
h. Providers must have the administrative ability to maintain records of all learners and monitor the progress of the learners.
i. Providers must have adequate policies and procedures in place to review and manage the progress of learners and learners must have access to their progress reports.
j. Providers must be able to access and comply with reporting requirements as set by the External assessment Quality Partner.

Legal Requirements
a. The providers must prove an acceptable arrangement of co-operation with recognised employers to facilitate the practical skills and assist learners to get exposure to the work experience components;
b. Facilities must comply with all relevant regulatory requirements;
c. Providers must obtain and retain ISO certification.

226302-001-KS-02: Fundamentals of Communication

Purpose of the Knowledge Module; The focus of the learning in this module is on building understanding of the theory that underpins the effective application of basic communication skills with specific relevance to the occupational health and safety environment

Topics included in this module:

226302-001-KS-02:01
Concepts and theories of coaching, influencing people in an assertive manner and dealing with conflict. (Intermediate)
4

226302-001-KS-02:02
Principles and ethics of auditing (Advanced)
2

TOTAL TOPIC CREDITS: 6

226302-001-KS-02:01 -Concepts and theories of coaching, influencing people in an assertive manner and dealing with conflict. (Intermediate) (Credits: 4)

Topic Elements to be covered include:
1. Explain a basic communication model and describe workplace strategies to overcome the typical barriers to communication; (NQF Level: 3)
2. Describe what is meant by coaching, influencing people, assertiveness and conflict; (NQF Level: 3)
3. Explain a basic model for coaching; (NQF Level: 3)
4. Explain what is meant by communication behaviours and communication processes and identify the basic communication behaviours that will enhance effective communication; (NQF Level: 3)
5. Describe the difference between assertiveness and aggressiveness and give examples of each; (NQF Level: 3)
6. Describe basic strategies for preventing and managing conflict; (NQF Level: 3)
7. Explain the need for dealing with issues in an assertive manner; (NQF Level: 3)
8. Describe the concepts and principles of effective communication and internal consulting (NQF Level: 3)

Internal Assessment Criteria:
1. Given a range of individual and group communication, conflict and understanding gap scenarios be able to:
a. Indicate how the model of communication applies to solving communication and conflict problems;
b. Draw up appropriate coaching plans for subordinates;
c. Indicate the process of effectively influencing people to work according to standards. (Weight: 100%)

226302-001-KS-02:02 -Principles and ethics of auditing (Advanced) (Credits: 2)

Topic Elements to be covered include:
1. Explain what is meant by ethics and why ethical behaviour is always important (NQF Level: 3)
2. Describe the consequences of unethical behaviour on occupational health and safety; (NQF Level: 3)
3. Describe how an occupational health and safety monitoring system relies on ethical behaviour to ensure its effectiveness. (NQF Level: 3)

Internal Assessment Criteria:

1. Given various scenarios reflecting conduct within a workplace during auditing learners will indicate ethical and unethical behaviour and they will accurately explain the potential impact of such behaviour on the organisation (Weight: 100%)

Human Resources
Facilitators of learning must:
a. Be in possession of a recognized qualification in the field of OHS at a level of at least NQF 3 or equivalent;
b. Have completed at least three years relevant work experience;
c. Be in possession of a recognised Adult Learning qualification at the level of at least a Facilitator Certificate. – or prove this through relevant recognition of prior learning.
e. Appropriate arrangements must be in place to conduct learner assessments in a fair and equitable manner.

Physical Resources
Providers must have access to:
a. Back up facilitators;
b. A physical address and access to proper lecture facilities, audio visual aids and equipment with appropriate contingencies;
c. Maximum facilitator/learner ratio should not exceed 1:15;
d. Venues must have adequate seating, and ergonomic requirements to cater for the number of learners.
e. Facilities must be provided for breakaway sessions and all the simulations and other resources as stipulated in the module specifications.
f. Appropriate learning resources must be available and accessible to meet the requirements as set out in the curriculum.
g. All learners must be provided with easy access to the required learning materials and resources.
h. Providers must have the administrative ability to maintain records of all learners and monitor the progress of the learners.
i. Providers must have adequate policies and procedures in place to review and manage the progress of learners and learners must have access to their progress reports.
j. Providers must be able to access and comply with reporting requirements as set by the External assessment Quality Partner.

Legal Requirements
a. The providers must prove an acceptable arrangement of co-operation with recognised employers to facilitate the practical skills and assist learners to get exposure to the work experience components;
b. Facilities must comply with all relevant regulatory requirements;
c. Providers must obtain and retain ISO certification.

226302-001-KS-03: Occupational Health and Safety applications

Purpose of the Knowledge Module
The focus of the learning in this subject is on building understanding of the key theories, concepts and principles required to process the required data and provide Occupational Health and Industrial Hygiene services in the capacity as a Safety and Health Officer.

Topics included in this module:

226302-001-KS-03:01
Principles, concepts and processes of hazard identification, risk assessment and control (Intermediate)
3

226302-001-KS-03:02
Techniques of accident and incident investigation
(Intermediate)
3

226302-001-KS-03:03
Principles of occupational hygiene measuring instruments and the interpretation of the readings in terms of the threshold limits of such measurements (Basic)
2

226302-001-KS-03:04
Principles of safe working practices in and around the place of work (Intermediate)
3

226302-001-KS-03:05
Criteria and standards for effective documentation and document control (Advanced)
2

226302-001-KS-03:06
Concepts and principles of cause and effect analysis and how this applies to occupational hazard identification and risk assessment. and incident and accident investigation.(Advanced)
1

226302-001-KS-03:07
Principles, concepts and processes of hazard identification, risk assessment and control(Intermediate)
3

TOTAL TOPIC CREDITS: 17

226302-001-KS-03:01 -Principles, concepts and processes of hazard identification, risk assessment and control (Intermediate) (Credits: 3)

Topic Elements to be covered include:
1. Describe the process of hazard identification and risk assessment giving practical examples of how it is done in different work environments; a. Steps for identifying hazards; b. Different processes of classifying hazards; c. Typical process for identifying the related risks; d. Methods of classifying and describing significant risks; e. Scope (stakeholders, techniques and area); f. Various process steps for conducting the assessment g. Implementation steps; h. Monitoring and reporting process. (NQF Level: 4)
2. Explain the difference and interrelationship between hazards and risks: a. Definition of a Hazard; b. Definition of a Risk; c. The cause and effect relationship between hazards and risks; (NQF Level: 4)
3. Describe what is meant by controls and give examples of controls to prevent hazards from causing incidents as well as controls to mitigate the consequences when a hazard does cause an accident/incident. Explain the hierarchy of control of hazards and risks: a. Description as per the Health and safety regulations. (NQF Level: 4)
4. Explain the legal requirements regarding hazard identification and risk assessment. Describe the various sources of hazards: a. Different types of hazards; b. The impact of the various hazards; c. The sources of the different types of hazards; d. Energy as a source of hazard (what this is and how it works) (NQF Level: 4)

Internal Assessment Criteria:

1. Given various scenarios of work situations with different hazards and potential risks. Be able to: Without reference to the learning material: a. Identify the various hazards; b. Classify the hazards in terms of the potential for causing injury or damage; c. Describe the associated risks and d. Indicate the relevant controls that can be put in place.

226302-001-KS-03:02 -Techniques of accident and incident investigation (Intermediate) (Credits: 3)

Topic Elements to be covered include:
1. Explain the difference between accidents and incidents; (NQF Level: 4)
2. Use examples to explain the interrelationship of accidents and incidents giving the typical statistical model of how incidents eventually lead to accidents; (NQF Level: 4) [Sheqafrica.com editor notes; The reference is probably to the Heinrich /Bird incident statistics triangle, which was found to be without scientific validity, and based on false data. Several researchers have pointed out that the frequencies of minor and major incidents are not linked. There is a generally apparent ratio, but that varies greatly between sites, companies, industries, and countries. The assumptions behind this element is wrong and outdated. The assumed distinction between ‘accidents’ and incidents is also outdated, since the difference is only in severity, and is largely due to chance.]
3. Describe the legal requirements regarding the need to investigate and report on all accidents and incidents; (NQF Level: 4)
4. Describe the typical process for investigating accidents and incidents; (NQF Level: 4)
5. Describe the criteria for effective accident and incident investigation. (NQF Level: 4)

Internal Assessment Criteria:

1. Given various accident and incident investigation scenarios identify the extent to which the investigations were effective and the appropriate criteria for effective investigations was met and motivate the reasons why the criteria is important

226302-001-KS-03:03 -Principles of occupational hygiene measuring instruments and the interpretation of the readings in terms of the threshold limits of such measurements (Basic) (Credits: 2)

Topic Elements to be covered include:

1. Explain the potential occupational health hazards and routes of entry into the body; (NQF Level: 4)
2. Identify the typical occupational hygiene measurements that is taken within industry; (NQF Level: 4)
3. Identify the instruments that are used to take typical occupational hygiene measurements with regards to: a. Airborne pollutants; b. Biological agents; c. Dermal exposure and surface contamination; d. Physical agents; e. Ergonomics; f. Air velocity and pressure; g. Water quality; h. Chemical agents; etc (NQF Level: 4)
4. Explain where the threshold limits for the various occupational hygiene measurements can be obtained. a. Legal requirements; b. Roles of the various stakeholders in determining the levels; c. Role of safety representatives and employees in ensuring that they work in safe and healthy environments. (NQF Level: 4)

Internal Assessment Criteria:
1. Given several occupational hygiene reports covering different stressors be able to:
a. Determine the extent of legal compliance;
b. Grounds for referral for professional inputs.

226302-001-KS-03:04 -Principles of safe working practices in and around the place of work (Intermediate) (Credits: 3)

Topic Elements to be covered include:
1. Identify and explain the safety practices required for working environments. (NQF Level: 4)
2. Identify and explain the health and safety practices relevant to the machinery, tools and equipment used in work environments. (NQF Level: 4)
3. Identify and explain the specific safety practices required for the range of work activities relevant to a specific work area. (NQF Level: 4)
4. Identify and explain the emergency preparedness and response relevant to work areas. (NQF Level: 4)

Internal Assessment Criteria:
1. Given various scenarios of safe and unsafe acts and work conditions with different practices being applied be able to:
a. Identify correct safe work practices;
b. Identify equipment that is unsafe or defective;
c. Identify relevant emergency preparedness responses

226302-001-KS-03:05 -Criteria and standards for effective documentation and document control (Advanced) (Credits: 2)

Topic Elements to be covered include:
1. Explain the document and record classification process for Occupational Health and Safety; a. Statutory documentation and records (Long retention period); b. Confidential documents and records; c. Resources and reference material; d. Other media (manuals, DVDs drawings etc.) (NQF Level: 4)
2. Describe the principles for record keeping and archiving documents. (NQF Level: 4)
3. Describe the principles for backup and retention of critical documents and records. a. Retention periods; b. Review and updates; c. Disposals (NQF Level: 4)
4. Explain the principles of document and record security: a. Statutory requirements; b. Classified documents; c. Unclassified documents. d. Access control; e. Physical security (NQF Level: 4)
5. Describe the criteria for the quality of Occupational Health and Safety documentation. (NQF Level: 4)

Internal Assessment Criteria:
1. Given a range of Occupational health and Safety media, reports and documents. Be able to:
a. Classify the documents regarding the need for security and retention;
b. Identify deficiencies in the document control systems used;
c. Indicate appropriate actions to improve the controls of the documents and media;
d. Indicate how to continually optimise the effectiveness of document control.

226302-001-KS-03:06 -Concepts and principles of cause and effect analysis and how this applies to occupational hazard identification and risk assessment and incident and accident investigation.(Advanced) (Credits: 1)

Topic Elements to be covered include:
1. Define what is meant by cause and effect and give examples of how this applies to hazard identification, risk assessment and accident/incident investigation. (NQF Level: 4)
2. Explain how a cause and effect analysis works and how it applies to risk assessment, hazard identification and incident/accident investigation. (NQF Level: 4)
3. Explain what is meant by preventative, corrective and contingency actions and give examples of how this is applied in hazard identification, risk assessment and accident/incident investigations. a. Cover pre-contact, contact and post contact controls. (NQF Level: 4)

Internal Assessment Criteria:
1. Given descriptions of various accidents and incidents in different industries and work environments. Be able to:
a. Indicate how these situations explain the concept of cause and effect
b. Describe how a cause and effect analysis should be done in each of the given situations;
c. Through examples explain each step in a typical cause and effect process.

226302-001-KS-03:07 -Principles, concepts and processes of hazard identification, risk assessment and control (Intermediate) (Credits: 3)

Topic Elements to be covered include:
1. Describe the process of hazard identification and risk assessment giving practical examples of how it is done in different work environments; a. Steps for identifying hazards; b. Different processes of classifying hazards; c. Typical process for identifying the related risks; d. Methods of classifying and describing significant risks; e. Scope (stakeholders, techniques and area); f. Various process steps for conducting the assessment g. Implementation steps; h. Monitoring and reporting process. (NQF Level: 4)
2. Explain the difference and interrelationship between hazards and risks: a. Definition of a Hazard; b. Definition of a Risk; c. The cause and effect relationship between hazards and risks; (NQF Level: 4)
3. Describe what is meant by controls and give examples of controls to prevent hazards from causing incidents as well as controls to mitigate the consequences when a hazard does cause an accident/incident. Explain the hierarchy of control of hazards and risks: a. Description as per the Health and safety regulations. (NQF Level: 4)
4. Explain the legal requirements regarding hazard identification and risk assessment. Describe the various sources of hazards: a. Different types of hazards; b. The impact of the various hazards; c. The sources of the different types of hazards; d. Energy as a source of hazard (what this is and how it works) (NQF Level: 4)

Internal Assessment Criteria:
1. Given various scenarios of work situations with different hazards and potential risks. Be able to: Without reference to the learning material: a. Identify the various hazards; b. Classify the hazards in terms of the potential for causing injury or damage; c. Describe the associated risks and d. Indicate the relevant controls that can be put in place.

Human Resources
Facilitators of learning must:
a. Be in possession of a recognized qualification in the field of OHS at a level of at least NQF 3 or equivalent;
b. Have completed at least three years relevant work experience;
c. Be in possession of a recognised Adult Learning qualification at the level of at least a Facilitator Certificate. – or prove this through relevant recognition of prior learning.
e. Appropriate arrangements must be in place to conduct learner assessments in a fair and equitable manner.

Physical Resources
Providers must have access to:
a. Back up facilitators;
b. A physical address and access to proper lecture facilities, audio visual aids and equipment with appropriate contingencies;
c. Maximum facilitator/learner ratio should not exceed 1:15;
d. Venues must have adequate seating, and ergonomic requirements to cater for the number of learners.
e. Facilities must be provided for breakaway sessions and all the simulations and other resources as stipulated in the module specifications.
f. Appropriate learning resources must be available and accessible to meet the requirements as set out in the curriculum.
g. All learners must be provided with easy access to the required learning materials and resources.
h. Providers must have the administrative ability to maintain records of all learners and monitor the progress of the learners.
i. Providers must have adequate policies and procedures in place to review and manage the progress of learners and learners must have access to their progress reports.
j. Providers must be able to access and comply with reporting requirements as set by the External assessment Quality Partner.

Legal Requirements
a. The providers must prove an acceptable arrangement of co-operation with recognised employers to facilitate the practical skills and assist learners to get exposure to the work experience components;
b. Facilities must comply with all relevant regulatory requirements;
c. Providers must obtain and retain ISO certification.

226302-001-KS-04: Occupational Health and Safety Management

Purpose of the Knowledge Module
Topics included in this module:

226302-001-KS-04:01
The application of monitoring, evaluation and corrective action in occupational health and safety. (Intermediate)
3

226302-001-KS-04:02
Structure of the regulatory requirements regarding occupational health and safety and how it links to the occupational health and safety management system. (Advanced)
2

226302-001-KS-04:03
Occupational health and safety management systems and the key components of an effective system. (Advanced)
5

226302-001-KS-04:04
Fundamentals of Safety aspects related to industry and operations
4

226302-001-KS-04:05

Concepts and principles of interpreting and using occupational hygiene survey results. (Intermediate)
4

226302-001-KS-04:06
Concepts and principles of corporate and organisational governance and the regulatory requirements associated with governance. (Intermediate)
2

226302-001-KS-04:07
Concepts and principles of developing an emergency preparedness plan and process for different organisations and key approval, rehearsal and implementation steps. (Advanced)
2

226302-001-KS-04:08
Principles of developing and implementing operational controls.(Advanced)
8

226302-001-KS-04:09
Principles of effective auditing and inspection practices (Advanced)

226302-001-KS-04:10
Concept of integrated risk management and the role of the occupational health and safety function in risk management. (Intermediate)
8

226302-001-KS-04:11
Economics of occupational health and safety and how this impacts on the value chain (Intermediate)
2

TOTAL TOPIC CREDITS: 38

226302-001-KS-04:01 -The application of monitoring, evaluation and corrective action in occupational health and safety. (Intermediate) (Credits: 3)

Topic Elements to be covered include:
1. Identify and describe the various monitoring tools used in occupational health and safety management: a. Inspection schedules and checklists; b. Critical equipment lists; c. Measuring equipment list; d. Measurement procedures and statistical trends; e. Calibration schemes and records; f. Maintenance system activities and results; g. Completed checklists (system audit outputs); h. Evidence of risk profiles and non-conformance reports. (NQF Level: 5)
2. Describe the evaluation processes used in occupational health and safety: a. What must be evaluated; b. Developing a protocol for evaluation; c. The criteria for conducting the evaluation; d. Process for collecting the relevant data; e. Data analysis and interpretation methods; f. Reporting processes and formats. (NQF Level: 5)
3. Describe the processes for defining and implementing corrective actions: a. The typical management processes for implementing recommendations; b. Consequences when recommendations are not implemented; c. Mechanisms to monitor the effective implementation of recommendations; d. Close out reports. (NQF Level: 5)
4. Describe the criteria for well-designed OHS policies, procedures and standards. (NQF Level: 5)

Internal Assessment Criteria:
226302-001-KS-04:02 -Structure of the regulatory requirements regarding occupational health and safety and how it links to the occupational health and safety management system. (Advanced) (Credits: 2)

Topic Elements to be covered include:
1. Explain the role and function of a legal register in facilitating legal compliance. (NQF Level: 5)
2. Explain the different levels of regulatory requirements (Laws, Conventions, treaties, policies, procedures, codes etc): a. International b. National; c. Provincial d. Local e. Organisational (NQF Level: 5)
3. Explain and give examples of the origin and structure of legislation: a. How laws originate; b. Different types of legislation; c. Principles of prosecution; d. Basic legal liability; e. Basic rule for the interpretation of legislation. (NQF Level: 5)

Internal Assessment Criteria:
1. Given a range of different business environments be able to identify and describe the applicable regulatory requirements and indicate what must be included in the legal registers for the various scenarios.

226302-001-KS-04:03 -Occupational health and safety management systems and the key components of an effective system. (Advanced) (Credits: 5)

Topic Elements to be covered include:
1. Identify all the requirements applicable to Health and Safety risk management. a. Legal (National, provincial and local); b. Specified internal requirements; c. Specified external requirement. (NQF Level: 6)
2. Interpret and explain the use of risk profiles when developing policies and procedures for Occupational Health and safety (NQF Level: 6)
3. Explain the generic processes for developing, approving and legitimizing policies, procedures and standards for OHS. (NQF Level: 6)
4. Describe and give examples of the consequences of inadequate communication of OHS policies, procedures and standards. (NQF Level: 6)
5. Explain what is meant by a system and what the difference is between systems and processes; (NQF Level: 6)
6. List the typical components of an effective OHS system: a. Hazard and risk identification; b. Development of systems for compliance; c. Communication and implementation of system requirements; d. Evaluation and correction of deviations. (NQF Level: 6)
7. Describe the South African national standard for OHS management systems. (SANS OHSAS 18001) and indicate how this aligns with the generic components of an effective OHS safety management system. (NQF Level: 6)

Internal Assessment Criteria:
1. Given a range of occupational circumstances relevant to different industries identify the key components of a required Occupational Health and Safety management system and develop a proposed system

226302-001-KS-04:04 -Fundamentals of Safety aspects related to industry and operations (Credits: 4)

Topic Elements to be covered include:
1. Describe the key technical aspects relevant to various industries and processes; (NQF Level: 6)
2. Describe the basic value chain relevant to a range of operations and industries; (NQF Level: 6)
3. Describe the minimum technical standards relevant to various industries; (NQF Level: 6)

Internal Assessment Criteria:
1. Given typical business situations identify and describe the required health and safety measures and indicate how to go about determining the key technical health and safety aspects required using applicable frameworks and related technical knowledge.

226302-001-KS-04:05 -Concepts and principles of interpreting and using occupational hygiene survey results. (Intermediate) (Credits: 4)

Topic Elements to be covered include:
1. Describe the various Occupational Hygiene Monitoring techniques. RANGE: a. Thermal stress;. b. Airborne pollutants; c. Noise; d. Vibrations; e. Radiation. (NQF Level: 5)
2. Identify the relevant monitoring techniques to use depending on the different routes of entry. (NQF Level: 5)
3. Interpret the results, in terms of Exposure Limits, of various Occupational Hygiene Measurements and indicate actions to deal with unacceptable results. RANGE: a. Occupational Exposure Limit, Time Weighted Average, Short Term Exposure Limits, Ceiling Limit. (NQF Level: 5)
4. Describe the different Occupational Hygiene Exposure limits. RANGE: Occupational Exposure Limit, Time Weighted Average, Short Term Exposure Limits, Ceiling Limit (NQF Level: 5)

Internal Assessment Criteria:
1. Given several scenarios depicting deficiencies with instrumentation, measurement techniques, misinterpretation of results and poor reporting be able to:
a. Identify the actual deficiencies;
b. Recommend preventative and corrective actions.

226302-001-KS-04:07 -Concepts and principles of developing an emergency preparedness plan and process for different organisations and key approval, rehearsal and implementation steps. (Advanced) (Credits: 2)

Topic Elements to be covered include:
1. Describe the critical steps in the cycle for establishing, implementing and maintaining emergency preparedness and response. a. Identify potential for emergency situations; b. Establish emergency response procedures; c. Identify required equipment; d. Identify response training requirements; e. Define periodic testing procedures; f. Establish review procedures. (NQF Level: 6)
2. Describe the considerations when designing and developing emergency preparedness and response: a. statutory requirements; b. SANS specifications; c. Threat analysis (Potential for emergency situations); d. Liaison with relevant parties. (NQF Level: 6)

Internal Assessment Criteria:
1. Given various industry requirements and descriptions of various emergency preparedness and response plans be able to:
a. Develop comprehensive audit evaluation checklists (50 items);
b. Assess the effectiveness of the given response and preparedness plans.

226302-001-KS-04:08 -Principles of developing and implementing operational
controls.(Advanced) (Credits: 8)

Topic Elements to be covered include:
1. Explain the concept of safe work practices and how this relates to the standardisation of the right way of doing work; (NQF Level: 6)
2. Describe and give examples of the main categories of work that must be controlled from an occupational health and safety perspective: a. Plant; b. Machinery; c. Premises d. Tools and Equipment; e. Materials and substances; f. Workplace; g. People h. Activities (NQF Level: 6)
3. Identify and describe the principles for instituting operational controls in each of the identified categories. a. Design and specification controls; b. Procurement controls; c. Pre, post and operational use controls; d. Commissioning and training controls; e. Planned maintenance, inspection and test controls; f. Decommissioning, rehabilitation and closure; g. Waste and disposal. (NQF Level: 6)

Internal Assessment Criteria:

1. Given various business environments and the project life cycle. Be able to:
a. Through a process of identification and assessment describe the typical deficiencies related to each stage in the life cycle relevant to people, equipment, plant and machinery and the environment that will result in poor operational control.

226302-001-KS-04:09 -Principles of effective auditing and inspection practices (Advanced) (Credits: 2)

Topic Elements to be covered include:
1. Describe the context and scope of various audits and inspections. (NQF Level: 5)
2. Explain and compare the critical quality requirements for audits and inspections. (NQF Level: 5)
3. Explain the respective steps of an effective audit and inspection process (NQF Level: 5)
4. Explain the criteria for the effective communication of audit and inspection results (NQF Level: 5)
5. List and describe other ways of measuring for compliance. (NQF Level: 5)
6. Describe how, when and what to measure for compliance by means of audits and inspections (NQF Level: 5)

Internal Assessment Criteria:
1. Given a specific industry scenario related to modification and construction activities prepare a comprehensive internal audit plan covering all regulatory and risk management aspects of Occupational Health and Safety

226302-001-KS-04:10 -Concept of integrated risk management and the role of the occupational health and safety function in risk management. (Intermediate) (Credits: 8)

Topic Elements to be covered include:
1. Explain the concept of risk management: a. what a baseline risk assessment is; b. Issue based risk assessment; c. Continuous risk assessment in accordance with the applicable International standards (OHSAS 18001, ISO 14001, ISO 9001) (NQF Level: 6)
2. List all the elements that must be considered in an integrated risk management system. a. Hazard Identification and analysis; b. Risk assessment processes; c. Risk quantification; d. Design and implementation of control measures; e. The need for effective risk communication and liaison with interested and affected parties. (NQF Level: 6)
3. Explain the principles and effects of cross impact analysis in risk assessment a. Give examples of where cross impact analysis is used in risk assessment; b. Explain the various techniques for conducting cross impact analysis. (NQF Level: 6)
4. Explain the basic principles of the economics of mitigation and control of risks. a. Legal liability; b. reasonably practicable; c. Economic viability; d. Prioritization; e. Hierarchy of controls (NQF Level: 6)
5. Describe the various risk assessment techniques. a. HIRA; b. HAZOPS; c. Fault tree; d. Inspections and audits; e. Bow-tie analysis; f. FMEA (NQF Level: 6)

Internal Assessment Criteria:
1. Given various risk situations learners will be able to:
a. Identify and describe the appropriate risk assessment processes to deal with the risks;
226302-001-KS-04:11 -Economics of occupational health and safety and how this impacts on the value chain (Intermediate) (Credits: 2)

Topic Elements to be covered include:
1. Calculate and explain the short, medium and long term costs of accidents and incidents:
a. Direct and indirect costs; (Humane aspects, Socio economic impact of accidents and incidents, Ill Health as a result of exposure etc.) (NQF Level: 5)
2. Identify the potential economic value of effectively managing Occupational Health and Safety. (NQF Level: 5)
3. Explain and give examples of the elements of a typical Occupational Health and Safety budget; (NQF Level: 5)
4. Describe the process for developing and managing an appropriate Occupational Health and Safety budget. (NQF Level: 5)
5. Describe the impact of occupational health and safety performance on the value chain of a typical business. (NQF Level: 5)

Internal Assessment Criteria:
1. Given an integrated case exercise (Reports, statistics and data) be able to demonstrate the understanding as described in the learning activity guidelines.

Human Resources
Facilitators of learning must:
a. Be in possession of a recognized qualification in the field of OHS at a level of at least NQF 3 or equivalent;
b. Have completed at least three years relevant work experience;
c. Be in possession of a recognised Adult Learning qualification at the level of at least a Facilitator Certificate. – or prove this through relevant recognition of prior learning.
e. Appropriate arrangements must be in place to conduct learner assessments in a fair and equitable manner.

Physical Resources
Providers must have access to:
a. Back up facilitators;
b. A physical address and access to proper lecture facilities, audio visual aids and equipment with appropriate contingencies;
c. Maximum facilitator/learner ratio should not exceed 1:15;
d. Venues must have adequate seating, and ergonomic requirements to cater for the number of learners.
e. Facilities must be provided for breakaway sessions and all the simulations and other resources as stipulated in the module specifications.
f. Appropriate learning resources must be available and accessible to meet the requirements as set out in the curriculum.
g. All learners must be provided with easy access to the required learning materials and resources.
h. Providers must have the administrative ability to maintain records of all learners and monitor the progress of the learners.
i. Providers must have adequate policies and procedures in place to review and manage the progress of learners and learners must have access to their progress reports.
j. Providers must be able to access and comply with reporting requirements as set by the External assessment Quality Partner.

Legal Requirements
a. The providers must prove an acceptable arrangement of co-operation with recognised employers to facilitate the practical skills and assist learners to get exposure to the work experience components;
b. Facilities must comply with all relevant regulatory requirements;
c. Providers must obtain and retain ISO certification.

226302-001-KS-05: Operations Management and Supervision

Purpose of the Knowledge Module
The focus of the learning in this module is on providing learners an opportunity to build their understanding of the key concepts and principles that underpin operations management

Topics included in this Module:

226302-001-KS-05:01
Theories, concepts and principles of strategic planning and how this applies to occupational health and safety management. (Intermediate)
2

226302-001-KS-05:02
Learning and development process and cycle and how this is used to improve the effectiveness of occupational health and safety (Intermediate)
1

226302-001-KS-05:03
Concepts and principles of change management and how to apply these principles when implementing new systems. (Intermediate)
1

226302-001-KS-05:04
Concepts, principles and leading practices associated with continuous improvement (Intermediate)
3

TOTAL TOPIC CREDITS: 7

226302-001-KS-05:01 -Theories, concepts and principles of strategic planning and how this applies to occupational health and safety management. (Intermediate) (Credits: 2)

Topic Elements to be covered include:
1. Describe the basic business system; (NQF Level: 6)
2. Describe the fundamental business planning process and describe the role of strategy in it; (NQF Level: 6)
3. Explain what is meant by: Strategy, vision, mission and business objectives; (NQF Level: 6)
4. Describe how the fundamental business processes are applied within the occupational health and safety environment. (NQF Level: 6)
5. Describe the concepts and principles of integrated value chain management. (NQF Level: 6)

Internal Assessment Criteria:
1. Given a range of OHS related problems in various business operations be able to:
a. Describe the origin and impact of these problems in relation to the business system;
b. Indicate the role that planning played in these problems and what needs to be changed in the planning processes to prevent similar problems in the future.

226302-001-KS-05:02 -Learning and development process and cycle and how this is used to improve the effectiveness of occupational health and safety (Intermediate) (Credits: 1)

Topic Elements to be covered include:
1. Explain the typical Learning and development life cycle ADDI; (NQF Level: 5)
2. Describe the impact of each element of the learning and development life cycle on Occupational Health and safety; (NQF Level: 5)
3. Describe the criteria for effective learning material (NQF Level: 5)
4. Explain the basic principles of adult learning (NQF Level: 5)

Internal Assessment Criteria:
1. Given various organisational OHS learning and development needs, competency profiles and descriptions of different learning and development structures, strategies and resources. Be able to:
a. Identify possible deficiencies in the learning and development processes;
b. Describe actions to deal with the given learning and development challenges

226302-001-KS-05:03 -Concepts and principles of change management and how to apply these principles when implementing new systems. (Intermediate) (Credits: 1)

Topic Elements to be covered include:
1. Define change and give reasons why the implementation of changes in an organisation must be managed; (NQF Level: 5)
2. Explain the typical responses of people to change and how they impact on the effectiveness of implementing changes in organisations. (NQF Level: 5)
3. Describe a typical change management process and give examples of what must be done to help people understand and accept change. (NQF Level: 5)
4. Give examples of the use of change management in relation to occupational health and safety issues. (NQF Level: 5)

Internal Assessment Criteria:
1. Given various occupational scenarios where new systems and/or processes are being introduced, use the change management principles to develop an appropriate programme to ensure the smooth implementation of these processes.

226302-001-KS-05:04 -Concepts, principles and leading practices associated with continuous improvement (Intermediate) (Credits: 3)

Topic Elements to be covered include:
1. Describe what is meant by continuous improvement and how it it manifests in the plan, do, check, act cycle: a. Comparison with the management functions (POLC); b. Discuss the principles of effective controls within the management functions (ISMECC) (NQF Level: 5)
2. Give examples of continuous improvement processes in various work places. (NQF Level: 5)
3. Describe the advantages and implications of the effective use of continuous improvement processes. (NQF Level: 5)
4. Explain the typical practices associated with continuous improvement processes: a. Occurrence management; b. Deviation and non-conformance management; c. Lessons learnt and organisation wide implementation; d. Modification management; e. Proper commissioning and change management. (NQF Level: 5)
5. Explain the importance of standards and specifications in ensuring continuous improvement (NQF Level: 5)

Internal Assessment Criteria:
1. Given a range of organisational occupational health and safety scenarios describe the leading practices that can be applied to ensure continuous improvement

Human Resources
Facilitators of learning must:
a. Be in possession of a recognized qualification in the field of OHS at a level of at least NQF 3 or equivalent;
b. Have completed at least three years relevant work experience;
c. Be in possession of a recognised Adult Learning qualification at the level of at least a Facilitator Certificate. – or prove this through relevant recognition of prior learning.
e. Appropriate arrangements must be in place to conduct learner assessments in a fair and equitable manner.

Physical Resources
Providers must have access to:
a. Back up facilitators;
b. A physical address and access to proper lecture facilities, audio visual aids and equipment with appropriate contingencies;
c. Maximum facilitator/learner ratio should not exceed 1:15;
d. Venues must have adequate seating, and ergonomic requirements to cater for the number of learners.
e. Facilities must be provided for breakaway sessions and all the simulations and other resources as stipulated in the module specifications.
f. Appropriate learning resources must be available and accessible to meet the requirements as set out in the curriculum.
g. All learners must be provided with easy access to the required learning materials and resources.
h. Providers must have the administrative ability to maintain records of all learners and monitor the progress of the learners.
i. Providers must have adequate policies and procedures in place to review and manage the progress of learners and learners must have access to their progress reports.
j. Providers must be able to access and comply with reporting requirements as set by the External assessment Quality Partner.

Legal Requirements
a. The providers must prove an acceptable arrangement of co-operation with recognised employers to facilitate the practical skills and assist learners to get exposure to the work experience components;
b. Facilities must comply with all relevant regulatory requirements;
c. Providers must obtain and retain ISO certification.

SECTION 3B: PRACTICAL SKILL MODULE SPECIFICATIONS

Practical Skills Modules for which Specifications are included:

226302-001-PM-01
Represent the needs of employees with regard to Occupational Health and Safety matters
3
8

226302-001-PM-02
Inspect work places, identify hazards and risks and take immediate action to ensure health and safety in the workplace
3
4

226302-001-PM-03
Consult with employees and raise their needs and issues at Health and Safety Meetings.
2
1

226302-001-PM-04
Inspect work places and environments to identify the occupational health and safety hazards and determine the risks associated with the work
4
16

226302-001-PM-05
Coordinate the work activities of occupational, health and safety representatives.
4
6

226302-001-PM-06
Develop a risk profile and legal register for a designated work area
5
6

226302-001-PM-07
Establish, maintain and improve the health and safety documentation and reporting systems, controls and processes
5
4

226302-001-PM-08
Advise on the establishment maintenance and improvement of emergency response and preparedness
5
8

226302-001-PM-09
Manage the effectiveness of operational Occupational Health and Safety systems
5
6

Total Practical Skill Credits: 59

226302-001-PM-01-Represent the needs of employees with regard to Occupational Health and Safety matters (NQF Level: 3)

Purpose of the Module:
The focus of the learning in this module is on providing learners an opportunity to practice the skills required to represent the occupational health and safety needs of employees in a work place

Practical Skills Included in this Module:

226302-001-PM-01-PS01
Conduct a workplace health and safety meeting with team members, make inputs at meetings and record the results of meetings.
6

226302-001-PM-01-PS02
Remove employees from unsafe or unhealthy workplaces
2

226302-001-PM-01-PS01 Conduct a workplace health and safety meeting with team members, make inputs at meetings and record the results of meetings. (Credits: 6)

Scope of Practical Skill:
Given: Various inspection reports, appropriate and inappropriate documents tabled, presentations, incident reports, occupational hygiene monitoring reports, risk assessment reports and minutes of previous meetings, different workplace scenarios, relevant regulatory requirements, an organisational structure and a diverse team of workplace stakeholders;

Be Able to:
1. Develop a meeting terms of reference, agenda, meeting schedule, attendance register, meeting minute keeping template and meeting notification letters;
2. Analyse the given information and prepare for making presentations at the meeting;
3. Conduct/ chair the safety meeting
4. Take minutes of a safety meeting
5. Make presentations to safety meetings

Applied Knowledge

1. Meeting procedures and the relevant regulatory requirements regarding occupational health and safety meetings
2. The use of the permissibility of information tabled at occupational health and safety meetings;
3. The importance of confidentiality of information discussed at meetings;
4. The need for compliance with the distribution of minutes.

Internal Assessment:
1. Evaluate: a. That all required participants for the meeting are identified; b. Relevance of the terms of reference and the agenda of the meeting related to the given information; c. Correct list of discussion documents; d. Effectiveness of the time planning for the meeting.
2. Observe the use of proper behaviours, techniques and processes for chairing occupational health and safety meetings: a. The effectiveness of dealing with conflict in the meetings; b. Effectiveness of meeting time management; c. The extent to which the learner listens to inputs in the meeting; d. The effectiveness of the formulation of resolutions; e. The extent to which the learner involves all participants in the meeting. f. The extent to which the learner identifies and deals with the barriers to meeting effectiveness
3. Evaluate the accuracy and correctness of the minutes of the meetings
4. Observe the effective use of presentation techniques; a. Appropriateness of the media used in the presentations; b. Time management of the presentation; c. Use of the proper sequencing of the presentation; d. Use of proper body language in conducting the presentation

226302-001-PM-01-PS02 Remove employees from unsafe or unhealthy workplaces (Credits: 2)

Scope of Practical Skill:
Given: A simulated unsafe work environment with a number of employees

Be Able to:
1. Identify the hazards and the risks
2. Communicate the situation to the appropriate levels of management
3. Instruct employees to safely shut down machines and equipment
4. Remove employees to a safe place

Internal Assessment:
1. Observe the extent to which the learner applies the correct procedures for evacuating employees from the unsafe area

226302-001-PM-02-Inspect work places, identify hazards and risks and take immediate action to ensure health and safety in the workplace (NQF Level: 3)

Purpose of the Module:
The focus of the learning in this module is on providing learners an opportunity to practice the skills required to inspect work places and identify hazards and risks

Practical Skills Included in this Module:

226302-001-PM-02-PS01
Inspect a range of work places, identify the hazards and determine the associated risks, indicating what actions must be taken to eliminate, mitigate and control the risks. (Includes reporting and record keeping)
4

226302-001-PM-02-PS01 Inspect a range of work places, identify the hazards and determine the associated risks, indicating what actions must be taken to eliminate, mitigate and control the risks. (Includes reporting and record keeping) (Credits: 4)

Scope of Practical Skill:
Given: Various examples of work places (Photos, videos etc) and descriptions of different workplace scenarios (Health and safety sub Management system, current report formats, work conditions etc.). Within a simulated and then a controlled work situation.

Be Able to:
1. Anticipate and identify all the actual and potential hazards in the examples;
2. Determine the characteristics of the hazards identified. (Physical, chemical, biological, radiological, mechanical, psychological, ergonomically, electrical, etc.)
3. Classify the hazards according to the types of hazards and the potential impact of the hazards.(Health, environment, safety, quality, etc)
4. Identify and immediately act on the risks that require immediate action and recommend possible improvement actions.
5. Complete a report informing decision makers about the hazards and required immediate actions.

Applied Knowledge

1. Principles of hazard identification; b. Characteristics of various types of hazards; c. Basic relevant occupational legislation; d. Minimum technical standards relevant to the described work environments.

Internal Assessment:
1. Observe the extent to which the learner: a. follows the given process for hazard identification; b. The use of specific questioning techniques for understanding the situation
2. Evaluate the effectiveness of the context and content of the report related to the given scenarios. (All hazards identified all required immediate actions initiated, all non-compliance issues identified)

226302-001-PM-03-Consult with employees and raise their needs and issues at Health and Safety Meetings. (NQF Level: 2)

Purpose of the Module:
The focus of the learning in this module is on providing learners an opportunity to practice the skills required to consult with and represent the needs of employees relating to OHS issues

Practical Skills Included in this Module: Number, Title, Credits

226302-001-PM-03-PS01
Give feedback on Occupational Health and Safety issues to employees
1

226302-001-PM-03-PS01 Give feedback on Occupational Health and Safety issues to employees (Credits: 1)

Scope of Practical Skill:
Given a group of employees within a simulated work environment and the results of safety meetings, management instructions and discussion notes
Be Able to:
1. Conduct one on one and small group discussions to provide feedback
2. Deal with issues and questions
3. Make note of issues raised
4. Test understanding and acceptance
5. Agree next steps and follow up feedback

Applied Knowledge
1. Communication and listening techniques
2. Techniques for testing understanding and acceptance

Internal Assessment:
1. Observe the extent to which the learner use appropriate communication skills to give and receive feedback
2. Evaluate the accuracy of feedback recorded
3. Evaluate the effectiveness of feedback given

226302-001-PM-04-Inspect work places and environments to identify the occupational health and safety hazards and determine the risks associated with the work (NQF Level: 4)

Purpose of the Module:
The focus of the learning in this module is to provide learners an opportunity to practice the skills required to determine hazards and conduct appropriate risk assessments

Practical Skills Included in this Module: Number, Title, Credits

226302-001-PM-04-PS01
Inspect a range of work places, identify the hazards and determine the associated risks, indicating what actions must be taken to eliminate, mitigate and control the risks. (Includes reporting and record keeping)
8

226302-001-PM-04-PS02
Facilitate a process using a range of incident investigation techniques to determine the root causes or failures of controls and recommend corrective actions to prevent future incidents and complete the reports.
8

226302-001-PM-04-PS01 Inspect a range of work places, identify the hazards and determine the associated risks, indicating what actions must be taken to eliminate, mitigate and control the risks. (Includes reporting and record keeping) (Credits: 8)

Scope of Practical Skill:
Given various examples of work places (Photos, videos etc) and descriptions of different workplace scenarios (Health and safety sub Management system, current report formats, work conditions etc.). Within a simulated and controlled situation

Be Able to:
1. Anticipate and identify all the actual and potential hazards in the examples;
2. Assess current management system effectiveness
3. Rate the risks according to probability, severity, frequency and consequence. (According to ISO 31001 requirements)
4. Describe the risks associated with all the hazards identified
5. Classify the hazards according to the types of hazards and the potential impact of the hazards. (Health, environment, safety, quality, etc)
6. Complete a report informing decision makers about the hazards and required immediate actions.
7. Identify and immediately act on the risks that require immediate action and recommend possible improvement actions.
8. Classify the hazards according to the types of hazards and the potential impact of the hazards. (Health, environment, safety, quality, etc)
9. Determine the characteristics of the hazards identified. (Physical, chemical, biological, radiological, mechanical, psychological, ergonomically, electrical, etc.)
10. Develop a priorotised action plan to achieve the required risk reduction and measures to ensure continuous effectiveness

Applied Knowledge
1. a. Principles of hazard identification; b. Characteristics of various types of hazards; c. Basic relevant occupational legislation; d. Minimum technical standards relevant to the described work environments.

2. a. At least two different hazard analysis methodologies; b. At least two different hazard classification methodologies; c. Quantitative and qualitative risk assessment methodologies; d. The interrelationship between hazards. e. The relevant regulatory requirements associated with the hazard identification processes. (Need for ongoing review of the risk assessments)

Internal Assessment:
1. Observe the extent to which the learner: a. Follows the given process for hazard identification; b. Use of specific questioning techniques for understanding the situation.
2. Evaluate the effectiveness of the context and content of the report related to the given scenarios. (All hazards identified all required immediate actions initiated, all non-compliance issues identified)
3. Observe the extent to which the learner: a. Follows the given processes for hazard identification, hazard analysis, risk assessment and the establishment of risk control measures; b. The use of specific techniques for gathering and analysing meaningful information.
4. Evaluate a. That the report is contextually correct and complete relevant to the given scenarios; b. The level of scientific validity of the report (Repeatability, validity, accuracy, correct terminology, properly referenced)

226302-001-PM-04-PS02 Facilitate a process using a range of incident investigation techniques to determine the root causes or failures of controls and recommend corrective actions to prevent future incidents and complete the reports. (Credits: 8)

Scope of Practical Skill:
Given: A scenario containing a range of serious accidents and incidents covering a range of impacts, photos, copies of inspections, insurance claims, descriptions of damage caused, injury reports, eye witness statements, first responder reports, copies of the minutes of safety meetings, site audit reports, training records, legal appointments

Be Able to:
1. Verify that the correct emergency response procedures were followed. Check that the accident area is secured, preserved and safe for entry;
2. Identify the required plant and process information required to analyse the causes of the accident/incident.
3. Inspect and collect circumstantial evidence and appropriate photos/videos evidence from the scene of the accident/incident; (Draw diagrams of the incident, capture information to describe the sequence of events)
4. Classify the level of accident/incident, determine the type of investigation required, draft a preliminary report and prepare for the investigation (determine the correct stakeholders, put together an investigation kit);
5. Identify and source all the relevant documentation, data, records and witnesses for the accident/incident investigation;
6. Recommend the establishment of a committee to conduct the investigation into the accident/incident and make sure that the final team is made up of all the required members
7. Collect, record and file all evidence to have it ready for further investigation
8. Establish a forum and communication structures required to complete the investigation, report and implementation of all corrective actions.
9. Compile a close out report

Applied Knowledge
1. a. The types of evidence required when investigating an accident/incident. b. The regulatory requirements that must/will be followed in cases of serious injury and/or death of a person; c. The regulatory requirements for notification and investigation of all serious incidents (Chemical spills, transportation aviation, nuclear, maritime etc.) d. Regulatory requirements regarding the record keeping, filing and release of information regarding accident/incident investigations.

Internal Assessment:
1. Evaluate the reports and documents produced and check that all required regulatory requirements were met and that it meets the leading practice standards for accident/incident investigation
2. Observe the appropriate use of interview skills
3. Evaluate the quality of evidence collection

226302-001-PM-05-Coordinate the work activities of occupational, health and safety representatives. (NQF Level: 4)

Purpose of the Module:
The focus of the learning in this module is on providing learners an opportunity to practice the skills required to coordinate the work activities of subordinates

Practical Skills Included in this Module: Number, Title, Credits

226302-001-PM-05-PS01
Conduct performance improvement discussions with peers and subordinates.
4

226302-001-PM-05-PS02
Plan, schedule and review the work of Occupational Health and Safety Representatives
2

226302-001-PM-05-PS01 Conduct performance improvement discussions with peers and subordinates. (Credits: 4)

Scope of Practical Skill:
Given: Scenarios relating to good and poor performance of peers and subordinates as well as a group of employees
Be Able to:
1. Identify the unacceptable performance;
2. Conduct a discussion to identify and agree the reasons for the unacceptable performance;
3. Agree steps to improve the performance;
4. Agree follow up actions

Applied Knowledge
1. The principles that performance happens within a system and that all elements of the system must be evaluated to determine the causes of poor performance; b. Principles of effective communication.

Internal Assessment:
1. Observe the extent to which the learner follows the given processes to investigate the performance problems;
2. Observe the interpersonal skills used in the interviews;
3. Evaluate the effectiveness of the final agreements to resolve the problems

226302-001-PM-05-PS02 Plan, schedule and review the work of Occupational Health and Safety Representatives (Credits: 2)

Scope of Practical Skill:
Given a simulated work environment with various tasks that must be executed
Be Able to:
1. Describe the tasks with specific objectives
2. Do priority setting
3. Deal with barriers to effectiveness
4. Mobilise the correct resources
5. Create realistic work schedules

Applied Knowledge
1. Planning and scheduling techniques
2. Time management techniques

Internal Assessment:
1. Evaluate the appropriateness of the objectives and priorities
2. Evaluate the feasibility of the schedule and the appropriateness of actions to deal with the barriers to efficiency

226302-001-PM-06-Develop a risk profile and legal register for a designated work area (NQF Level: 5)

Purpose of the Module:
The focus of the learning in this module is to provide learners an opportunity to practice the skills required to develop risk profiles and legal registers for a range of work places

Practical Skills Included in this Module:

226302-001-PM-06-PS01
Analyse a specific work area/section, develop a risk profile, legal register and plan the implementation of an appropriate occupational health and safety management system.
6

226302-001-PM-06-PS01 Analyse a specific work area/section, develop a risk profile, legal register and plan the implementation of an appropriate occupational health and safety management system. (Credits: 6)

Scope of Practical Skill:
Given details regarding a specific work environment (photos, videos, models etc.), a description of the activities that must be executed in the environment, copies of the relevant regulatory requirements. Within a simulated/controlled work environment
Be Able to:
1. Develop a risk profile
2. Develop a legal register
3. Use a given Occupational Health and Safety system identify the implementation requirements, steps and criteria;

Applied Knowledge
1. At least two different techniques of compiling risk profiles (Quantification techniques, and qualitative techniques) b. planning and scheduling techniques; c. Different analysis processes and techniques (Categorisation, classification, scale of seriousness)d. Management principles as set out in OHSAS 18001; e. Implications of the various regulatory requirements on the development of the risk profile and legal register.

Internal Assessment:
1. Observe the extent to which the learner follow the given processes for: a. Hazard Identification; b. Hazard Analysis; c. Risk assessment; d. Establishment of risk control measures.
2. Observe the extent to which the learner follows a systematic approach for the identification of requirements, steps and criteria for the implementation of the risk profiling and safety management system
3. Evaluate the scientific validity of the report (Repeatability, validity, accuracy, correct terminology, proper references

226302-001-PM-07-Establish, maintain and improve the health and safety documentation and reporting systems, controls and processes (NQF Level: 5)

Practical Skills Included in this Module, with credits

226302-001-PM-07-PS01
Use computer based packages to develop presentations, create and analyse spreadsheets, produce memorandums, reports and use electronic mail systems
4

226302-001-PM-07-PS01 Use computer based packages to develop presentations, create and analyse spreadsheets, produce memorandums, reports and use electronic mail systems (Credits: 4)

Scope of Practical Skill:
Given a range of Occupational Health and safety statistics, raw, data and various documents and access to appropriate software packages and typical OHS report templates
Be Able to:
1. Build a range of spreadsheets to capture and process the data;
2. Extract the data from the given information and populate the spreadsheets;
3. Develop graphs for inclusion in reports;
4. Populate the given templates;
5. Modify and improve the templates.

Applied Knowledge
1. a. The basic principles of report writing; b. Principles underpinning the development and modification of computer based spreadsheets; c. Limitations and protocols when working with computer software packages; d. Principles of data preparation and validation.

Internal Assessment:
1. Evaluate the practicality and accuracy of the completed spreadsheets and reports;
2. Evaluate the extent to which the work was completed within a reasonable time period;
3. Evaluate the feasibility and value add of modifications to spreadsheets and report templates.

226302-001-PM-08-Advise on the establishment maintenance and improvement of emergency response and preparedness (NQF Level: 5)

Purpose of the Module:
The focus of the learning is to provide learners an opportunity to practice the skills required to establish, maintain and improve emergency preparedness in organisations

Practical Skills Included in this Module:

226302-001-PM-08-PS01
Analyse the needs of an organisation and develop a training matrix for all the required occupational health and safety learning. Evaluate current learning programmes to determine the relevance and sufficiency of the learning provided to meet occupational health and safety needs.
4

226302-001-PM-08-PS02
Develop an emergency preparedness plan and process for different organisations and define the key approval, rehearsal and implementation steps
4

226302-001-PM-08-PS01: Analyse the needs of an organisation and develop a training matrix for all the required occupational health and safety learning. Evaluate current learning programmes to determine the relevance and sufficiency of the learning provided to meet occupational health and safety needs. (Credits: 4)

Scope of Practical Skill:
Given: a. the organogram of an organisation; b. The numbers of people at different levels in the organisation; c. Description of the operational processes and the work activities being executed; d. Learning and development structures, policies, procedures and training programmes; e. Required regulatory requirements; f. Legal register; g. Base line risk assessment; h. Examples of OHS related learning material; i. Training and other reports
Be Able to:
1. Develop a training matrix for all OHS learning requirements;
2. Evaluate the relevance and sufficiency of existing learning material and recommend improvements to learning material.
3. Conduct an evaluation of the effectiveness of the given organisational OHS training programmes and recommend improvements.
4. Assess the appropriateness of the learning providers

Applied Knowledge
1. a. The application of relevant regulatory requirements; b. Learning and development needs analysis processes and methodologies; c. The role of training in the implementation of an effective OHS management system.

Internal Assessment:
1. Evaluate the extent to which the training matrix meets the risk profile requirements and describes the learning needs in terms of all the organisational levels.
2. Evaluate the extent to which the training matrix meets the risk profile requirements and describes the learning needs in terms of all the organisational levels.
3. Evaluate the extent to which the report on the relevance and sufficiency of the learning material identifies all deficiencies and opportunities.
4. Evaluate that the correct criteria was used to identify the appropriateness of the providers.

226302-001-PM-08-PS02: Develop an emergency preparedness plan and process for different organisations and define the key approval, rehearsal and implementation steps (Credits: 4)

Scope of Practical Skill:
Given information (photo etc) of an operation, organisational organogram, relevant regulatory requirements regarding disaster management for that environment, existing disaster management plans, base line risk assessment for the operation, other relevant reports:

Be Able to:
1. Conduct a risk assessment to determine all potential emergency situations. (Natural, social, environmental, political etc.)
2. Develop an emergency preparedness and response procedures and plans (include the approval and review processes)covering all the risks identified in the assessment. (Includes codes of practice)
3. Develop an appropriate emergency management structure, communication process and protocols.
4. Schedule and plan the required emergency preparedness and response exercises;
5. Execute, evaluate and report on an emergency preparedness and response exercise.

Applied Knowledge
1. a. The appropriate incorporation of the regulatory requirements into the emergency preparedness and response plans; b. Methods and techniques to anticipate and recognise hazards, risks and emergency situations; c. Criteria for an effective emergency preparedness and response plan. d. Which regulatory requirements apply to different emergency scenarios. e. The roles and
responsibilities of various stakeholders in dealing with emergency situations (Different stakeholders and how to link up with them)

Internal Assessment:
1. Observe the extent to which the emergency response exercise was conducted according to a leading practice checklist.
2. Evaluate that the risk assessment covers both internal and external emergency risks and hazards and that all categories of emergency risks and hazards have been considered.
3. Evaluate that the procedures and plans adequately cover all issues identified in the emergency risk profile. (Equipment, control rooms, structures, duties and responsibilities, required skills, physical requirements of team members, physical positioning of escape routes and assembly points, all regulatory requirements, etc.)
4. Evaluate the extent to which the report identifies deficiencies and recommends appropriate improvements.

226302-001-PM-09-Manage the effectiveness of operational Occupational Health and Safety systems (NQF Level: 5)

Purpose of the Module:
The focus of the learning in this module is on providing learners an opportunity to practice the skills required to manage the effectiveness of an operational OHS system

Practical Skills Included in this Module:

226302-001-PM-09-PS01
Develop reports and make presentations of occupational health and safety issues to diverse groups of decision makers.
6

226302-001-PM-09-PS01 Develop reports and make presentations of occupational health and safety issues to diverse groups of decision makers. (Credits: 6)

Scope of Practical Skill:
Given a template for OHS reports, a range of raw OHS data and other reports including (inspection results, audit results, incident investigation reports, complaints, statistics, medical surveillance etc.) and a group of diverse decision makers

Be Able to:
1. Evaluate accident and incident investigation reports and assess the effectiveness of actions taken relevant to root cause analysis.
2. Gather, analyse and interpret the provided information.
3. Use statistical analysis processes to analyse trends and present occupational health and safety data as meaningful information;
4. Populate the report template with the appropriate information.
5. Describe findings, observations, reach conclusions and develop appropriate corrective recommendations
6. Prepare for and make a presentations of the report to decision makers.

Applied Knowledge
1. The sources of relevant OHS information and the parameters of the various indicators.

Internal Assessment:
1. Evaluate the extent to which the supporting material was used to effectively in getting the message across.
2. Evaluate the level of scientific validity of the report (repeatability, validity, accuracy, correct use of terminology and proper references.)
3. Evaluate if the report accurately contextualize the findings and recommendations relevant to the given environment.
4. Observe the use of effective presentation techniques

SECTION 3C: WORK EXPERIENCE MODULE SPECIFICATIONS

Work Experience Module Specifications; NQF Level, Credits

226302-001-WM-01
Exposure to the workplace examination processes
2
8

226302-001-WM-02
Exposure to the processes of representing the occupational health and safety needs of employees
3
4

226302-001-WM-03
Exposure to occupational risk management processes
4
12

226302-001-WM-04
Exposure to the processes of selecting, appointing and managing occupational health and safety representatives
4
8

226302-001-WM-05
Exposure to the processes of developing and implementing occupational health and safety systems
5
48

226302-001-WM-06
Exposure to the processes of monitoring and improving occupational health and safety systems
5
34

Total Work Experience Credits: 112

226302-001-WM-01 – Exposure to the workplace examination processes

Purpose of the Module
The focus of the learning in this module is on providing learners an opportunity to gain experience in the activities required to inspect work places and identify workplace hazards and risks

Experiences included in this module; credits

226302-001-WM-01-01
Inspect work places and identify hazards and risks over a period of three months
12

226302-001-WM-01-01: Inspect work places and identify hazards and risks over a period of three months

Guidelines for Work Experience
1. Conduct start of shift inspections
2. Conduct ongoing observations during the shift
3. Report hazards and risks

Contextual Workplace Knowledge
1. Workplace specific standards
2. Workplace specific risk management policies and procedures

Supporting Evidence
1. Completed shift register
2. Sign off report from supervisor

226302-001-WM-02 – Exposure to the processes of representing the occupational health and safety needs of employees

Purpose of the Module
The focus of the learning in this module is on providing learners an opportunity to gain experience in the activities required to identify and represent the OHS needs of employees in a specific work area

Experiences included in this module; credits

226302-001-WM-02-01
Participate in Occupational Health and Safety meetings
6

226302-001-WM-02-01 Participate in Occupational Health and Safety meetings
Guidelines for Work Experience
1. Conduct discussions with employees
2. Participate in safety meetings
3. Provide feedback to employees

Contextual Workplace Knowledge
1. Workplace standards
2. Meeting protocols and procedures
3. Communication policies and procedures

Supporting Evidence
1. Minutes of meetings
2. Meeting attendance lists

226302-001-WM-03 – Exposure to occupational risk management processes
Purpose of the Module
The focus of the learning in this module is on providing learners an opportunity to gain experience in executing the key activities required to manage and mitigate risks for a designated area in a work environment

Experiences included in this module

226302-001-WM-03-01
Over a period of three months inspect work places, identify hazards and risks and recommend corrective actions
6

226302-001-WM-03-02
Participate in accident/incident investigations
6

226302-001-WM-03-01 Over a period of three months inspect work places, identify hazards and risks and recommend corrective actions

Guidelines for Work Experience
1. Conduct hazard identification
2. Conduct risk assessments
3. Make and discuss recommendations to mitigate risks

Contextual Workplace Knowledge
1. Risk management policies and procedures
2. Safe work practices for the work in the designated area

Supporting Evidence
1. Completed risk assessment documents

226302-001-WM-03-02 Participate in accident/incident investigations
Guidelines for Work Experience
1. Participate in accident and incident investigations
2. Collect evidence
3. Record meetings and discussion
4. Assist with the compilation of reports

Contextual Workplace Knowledge
1. Workplace specific accident and incident investigation policies, procedures and protocols

Supporting Evidence
1. Completed documents
2. Supervisor report

226302-001-WM-04 – Exposure to the processes of selecting, appointing and managing occupational health and safety representatives

Purpose of the Module
The focus of the learning in this module is on providing learners an opportunity to gain experience in the activities associated with the appointment and management of OHS representatives

Experiences included in this module

226302-001-WM-04-01
Discuss the nomination of Occupational Health and Safety representatives with constituency groups
4

226302-001-WM-04-02
Coach newly appointed and practicing Occupational Health and Safety representatives and/or employees in the duties required from them
4

226302-001-WM-04-01: Discuss the nomination of Occupational Health and Safety representatives with constituency groups

Guidelines for Work Experience
1. Explain the appointment of OHS representatives to various constituency groups
2. Facilitate the nomination processes for OHS representatives

Contextual Workplace Knowledge
1. Organisational specific policies and procedures relating to OHS representatives

Supporting Evidence
1. Minutes of meetings

226302-001-WM-04-02 Coach newly appointed and practicing Occupational Health and Safety representatives and/or employees in the duties required from them

Guidelines for Work Experience
1. Identify training needs
2. Conduct coaching
3. Observe and report on performance
4. Deal with issues and concerns

Contextual Workplace Knowledge
1. Organisational specific procedures and roles for OHS representatives

Supporting Evidence
1. Coaching reports

226302-001-WM-05 – Exposure to the processes of developing and implementing occupational health and safety systems

Purpose of the Module
The focus of the learning in this module is on providing learners an opportunity to gain experience in the processes of developing and implementing OHS systems

Experiences included in this module

226302-001-WM-05-01
Participate in the planning of at least one operational occupational health and safety management system
48

226302-001-WM-05-02
Participate in the implementation of systems for a period of six months

226302-001-WM-05-01 Participate in the planning of at least one operational occupational health and safety management system

Guidelines for Work Experience
1. Audit the organisation against the OHSAS 18001and make recommendations regarding the effectiveness of implementation. (Gap analysis)
2. Obtain approval for changes to systems and plan the implementation of these changes
3. Manage and monitor the implementation of the approved changes.

Contextual Workplace Knowledge
Supporting Evidence
1. Audit reports signed off by management.
2. Performance against action plans
3. Resource budgets and action plans

226302-001-WM-06 – Exposure to the processes of monitoring and improving occupational health and safety systems

Purpose of the Module
The focus of the learning in this module is on providing learners an opportunity to gain experience in managing the effective operation of OHS systems.

Experiences included in this module; credits
226302-001-WM-06-01
Monitor and manage an OHS management system for a period of one year.
34

226302-001-WM-06-01 Monitor and manage an OHS management system for a period of one year.

Guidelines for Work Experience
1. Develop a draft annual safety report for the organisation or a designated area of the organisation
2. Generate monthly safety reports covering (Training, incidents, preventative and corrective actions, non-conformances etc.)
3. Feedback on management effectiveness on priorities/focus areas and additional priority action plans.
4. Identify and deal with issues requiring immediate action.
3. Prepare for and participate in some form of external auditing/inspection/visit.
6. Develop action plans for the ongoing monitoring of OHS indicators
7. Participate in management reviews and provide advice on OHS issues

Contextual Workplace Knowledge
1. All relevant workplace policies and procedures
2. All risk matrices

Supporting Evidence
1. All documents completed and approved by management requirements to be registered as a practitioner by a professional body and/or legal appointment and an authorised representative from the organisation where the experience is gained;
b. The organisation should have a recognised Health and Safety Management System;
c. The employer must have a mentorship/coaching process in place to support learners;
d. Employers must with relevant providers develop a scheduled programme to ensure that the learner is exposed to all the work experience as set out in the curriculum.

Source; MQA. QCTO.

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Edmond Furter

Editor at Sheqafrica.com
Edmond Furter is the editor of Sheqafrica.com. He is a freelance technical journalist, and has won six journalism awards. He specialises in industrial, business, and cultural content in web, journal, and book formats.

6 thoughts on “Health and Safety Practitioner curriculum standard for comment

  1. The Occupational Health and Safety Practitioner curriculum is well developed. It can be published.

  2. Ok, so in the UK economy, where training for health and safety professionals is well developed, if one wants to achieve Chartered status with IOSH (membership of which is often requested by UK employers), there are essentially three routes to this:

    1. Complete a bachelors degree, post graduate diploma or masters degree through an IOSH approved University.

    2. Obtain the NEBOSH Diploma (read the history of this organisation here: https://www.nebosh.org.uk/About_Nebosh/) – contrary to myths perpetuated in South Africa, this is not just a six week course. It requires a lot of study and the exams are tough. I’ve met a lot of people who have this qualification in addition to a degree. On the qualification framework it is equivalent to a degree. Most people who have this qualification, know their stuff (most of the people I have met)

    3. Vocational qualification (currently level 5, but I believe this may change). Typically this requires putting together a portfolio of experience – it is there to confirm what you know based on experience rather than teach you something new.

    And there we have it folks… there are more than one option. In the South African context, I currently favour the UNISA offering – it will also stand the international test the best in terms of recognition.

    Before you get too carried away with my bias… Koos is proud to announce that he also has a Post Graduate Diploma in Occupational Health and Safety (wif distinction ek se) from a leading UK university.

    ==== Editor notes; The term ‘diploma’ is used for two or more different levels of training in South Africa. Nebosh licencees in SA use the term for a short course, and for the Diploma level course.
    The Unisa Nadsam Diploma course, and the Unisa administration, have not covered themselves in glory or praise for safety management research, or industrial consultation, or updates, or capacity, or quality management, or communication, in recent years. Nadsam is strong on management, and excludes hygiene management. Unisa is strong on explosives management, and is linked to the Cranefield (UK) centre of excellence in that discipline.
    Tertiary training alternatives are few, and mostly full-time, and each are likewise specialised; in management, or law, or health, or hygiene, or environmental impact management, or construction safety, or emergency management. The little research we have, support only mining and construction. Some of these alternatives are generaly unknown, let alone recognised by HR people.
    As you know Koos, some of our OHS bright sparks study and research via Australia, the UK, of the USA, at the cost of local legislation and applications to local conditions.
    We need an education revolution to support the Sheq revolution that you called for. Registration is not steering us in that direction, it is just adding little stand-alone exams and CPD videos, at huge cost. -Edmond Furter

    1. Just to comment on Edmond’s behalf, Koos would have to have a level 6 = BSc(Hons) degree (or equal) to even be admitted to a Post Graduate Diploma level at a UK university, it is one paper short of a MSc. So that is equal to 6 years of study through a university, and is at level 7 in the UK, or level 9 in SA NQF. Regards
      Shane

      .

  3. Let me expand upon Koos Duvenhage’s comment:

    First of all Koos is right in what he has posted however; there is also the British Safety Council’s Diploma which is also recognized by IOSH.

    I undertook the NVQ 5 Diploma, which as Koos mentioned, you need to provide a portfolio of evidence. The award is given by City & Guilds of London Institute. It is not a giveaway either. A lot of hard work goes into developing the portfolio and the standard set is very high.

    Now back to Koos’ comment;
    In order to obtain Chartered registration with IOSH UK, one has to undertake Initial Professional Development (IPD) over and above Continual Professional Development (CPD).
    If you did the NVQ5 Diploma route then you need to do the Open Assessment Examination which is set at Diploma level. One can only pass that if you have obtained the required theoretical knowledge, hence you need to study for it.

    If you obtained a degree, NEBOSH diploma, or British Safety Council diploma, or an equivalent qualification, then you need to undertake a Skills Development Portfolio (SDP) which is basically an NVQ – you need to put together a portfolio of evidence (practical examples of your work).

    Once you’ve passed the above, you are then invited to attend a Peer Review Interview (PRI). If you pass you are then recommended for transfer to Chartered registration.

    What the above shows is that regardless of which route you take, it balances out.

    Please see the link to the IOSH website for confirmation of what I’ve posted.
    http://www.iosh.co.uk/Membership/About-membership/Professional-development/About-IPD.aspx

    ==== Editor notes; Thank you Adrian for reminding us how proper professional registration options work. You have to study a dedicated course, at a registered training provider, and the odd additional exam is set by education professionals, based on that training, and recognised by industry.
    Here in SA, the SACPCMP exam is a kind of re-assessment, cobbled together by some volunteers and contractors, to confirm what applicants have not learned about construction OHS in their various courses. There are no courses directly suited to the brand new, pie-in-the-sky scopes of services of CHS Officers or CHS Managers yet. So the powers that be built a detour around training. You see Adrian, SA IOSH is not IOSH SA.
    The problem of how to study for the little SACPCMP gap-filling exam, would probably be resolved by some quasi training, cobbled together by the usual suspects (CASHCOW said they would ‘make an announcement soon’). Our construction ‘industrial registration complex’ became a law unto itself in 2013, when the SACPCMP ‘legislated’ registration on behalf of the DOL (and contradicting the DOL on some points), that may or may not be practicable, or selectively enforced, in 2016. Each case will be treated on its own merits, as the DOL said. -Edmond Furter

  4. I understand that this course standard is intended to be pitched between a certificate and a NADSAM. One of the areas that often worry me is that the “modern” HS person should have a reasonably good knowledge of some of the pure sciences, I don’t think that this will be addressed here. So how does one progress from here will be interesting. The 2-year NEBOSH diploma certainly addresses that in its course material.
    Note that this is a syllabus, the content as far as I know has to be filled in by the course provider. So if one looks at Risk Assessment, will basic ventilation calculations be necessary? Does one have to be able to use and be competent in radiation safety?
    I really do not know if this is a “national standard”, or will it be diluted by service providers. I am looking forward to the days ahead before I can really state what my thoughts are.
    Congrats KOOS on your pass with distinction, not many people realise the standard in the UK, we will chat again, hopefully be out next year again. Have a good one. Shane

    === Editor notes; Yes, the standard seems higher than a certificate, and lower than a diploma. So it is progress over what we have available, but perhaps just a step slightly to high for most practitioners.
    It is intended to standardise vocational courses, thus there is more technology and applications, and little science involved.
    Yes, treaining providers will each set their own curriculum and questions.
    On ventilation, and the other points of exposure management, it seems to be set at OHS officer level, not designer, manager, or hygiene specialist level. Radiation exposure management skills are very basic at this level. Probably just enough to know when to call in someone with specialised equipment and skills.

  5. Prescribing a standard for the workplace audit could be restrictive, given the plethora of OHS standards that organisations align their systems to. Since the existence of a system is prerequisite to an employer offering the practical component, the learner could audit against the respective standard for that particular employer.
    I find it contradictory that the learner has to be attached to an organisation with an existing system and be required to implement a system.

    ==== Editor notes; Yes, practical training scenarios in an exam may at times be contradictory. Different scenarious mayh apply to differnt questions.
    Training providers would provide practical scenarios, usually by way of a collection of typical documents, or by way of reading out facts that learners note down, or by way of inspection of a mock work site. From a scenario, learners may implement, improve, or audit management systems.
    For the purpose of exam preparation, learners may use scenarios that they are familiar with, or case studies from incident reports. There are several examples available on Sheqafrica.com.
    Elsewhere in the curriculum they are expected to list typical scenarios, and ideal systems, and typical system errors from their own experience.
    The curriculum standard applies only to vocational training at NQF levels 2, 3 and 4, not to OHS practice, or hygiene practice, or auditing practice itself.

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