Health and safety exam Q&A: management systems
Exam Q&A extracts are posted for comparison to local approaches and training material. The extract is not comprehensive and does not represent a full course, exam, or qualification. Approaches and legislative elements vary among African countries.
Sheq management systems exam Q&A
Effective managers recognise these foundational goals:
A. High productivity and low operating costs.
B. High performance and low labour conflict.
C. High performance and satisfaction among team members.
D. High productivity and low loss rates.
Management theory ‘Z’ refers to;
A. High-risk, potentially high-return preferences
B. Managing by cultural norms
C. Adherence to Japanese management principles
D. Eastern European management principles.
Standardise an OHS management system to OHSAS 18001?
The Occupational Health and Safety Assessment Series (OHSAS 18001) is increasingly becoming a favourite standard to measure and certify OHS management systems to. Change to OHSAS 18000 retains legal compliance and goes beyond. Relevant laws to your workplace would include Occupational Health and Safety Act or Mine Health and Safety Act, and COID Act, and may include Railway Act, Tobacco Act, Health Act, Road Transport Act, Hazardous Chemicals Act, and other health and environmental Acts, Regulations, SA National Standards (SANS).
An OHSAS 18001 standardised management system requires more management input and auditing, not only inspections. An audit adopts a ‘conformance or non-conformance’ approach and the nature or seriousness of the findings is critical. You will get audited against what you planned to achieve.
An important difference between the conventional systems and OHSAS18001 is the procedures required by the guideline document. The conventional systems could have focussed on two or three procedures and in work instruction format.
Other minor changes needed to successfully convert to OHSAS18001 are not mentioned in this article. Changing to OHSAS 18001 should not cost the company much and certification should be possible within a one to two year framework depending on the size, scope, depth and nature of the business.
OH ergonomics management exam answers
One kind of muscular effort can be described as static, and it is characterised as a prolonged state of contraction of muscles. Static state means virtually unmoving.
Repetitive work evaluation key factors include position of joints when a task is performed; force exerted, and repetition rate or amount of recovery time provided. These factors set a level of fatigue and boredom that may affect a worker’s ability to perform the task well. The factors are duration, rate, force and repetition versus recovery.
International Ergonomics Association (IEA) definition (2000): “Ergonomics is the scientific discipline concerned with the fundamental understanding of interactions among humans and other elements of a system, and the profession that applies theory, principles, data and methods to design in order to optimize human well-being and overall system performance.”
Organisational ergonomics is concerned with: “Optimisation of socio-technical systems, including their organisational structures, policies and processes.”
The Ergonomics Society of South Africa (ESSA) is the governing body of ergonomics in SA. The international ergonomics body is the Federated society of the International Ergonomics Association (IEA).
Environmental management exam questions
A medium sized company that continually engages in environmentally hazardous activities has probably failed to consider potential benefits of an active environmental management system.
Environmental audit purposes include review or environmental risks associated with a site and site operation. Training records of staff should be part of personnel safety and environmental procedures and do not form part of an environmental audit process.
This theme is divided into a series of posts, based on OHS exam theme sections;
• Risk management principles questions
• OHS legislative approaches questions
• OHS corporate culture questions
• OHS legal duties questions
• OHS related labour relations questions
• Occupational health and safety representative functions questions
• Occupational health and safety advisor functions questions
• OHS management systems questions
• Occupational safety and behavioural management questions
• Occupational health management questions
• Occupational hygiene management questions
• Workplace ergonomics management questions
• Equipment, hand tools, ladders, PPE
• Occupational environmental management questions
• OHS internal audit management questions
• OHS incident investigation questions
Sources of extracts in this series
SA Mining Qualifications Authority (MQA)
Solidarity Certificate in basic Occupational Health and Safety, 2009, for HS Representatives
SA Department of Labour Compliance conference March 2012
Master Builders SA
Board of Canadian Registered Safety Practitioners (BCRSP) textbooks
BCRSP sample HSE exam questions and answers
Advantage ACT Toolbox Talks
These extracts do not reflect a comprehensive training course, qualification or exam. Approaches and legislative elements differ in various African countries.
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