OHS management exam questions on hazards and behaviour

Typical OHS management exam questions at NQF Level 4, 5 and 6, from the proposed vocational Occupational Health and Safety Practitioner curriculum standard.

This post includes some exam questions, or practical exercises, relevant to hazard identification and risk assessment, or Hazop; behaviour-based safety (BBS) management; incident investigation; and OHS communication.

Hazard identification and risks assessment questions

Q; Describe the process of hazard identification and risk assessment, giving practical examples of how it is done in different work environments;
a. Steps for identifying hazards;
b. Different processes of classifying hazards;
c. Typical process for identifying the related risks;
d. Methods of classifying and describing significant risks;
e. Scope (stakeholders, techniques and area);
f. Various process steps for conducting the assessment
g. Implementation steps;
h. Monitoring and reporting process.

Q; Explain the difference and interrelationship between hazards and risks:
a. Definition of a Hazard;
b. Definition of a Risk;
c. The cause and effect relationship between hazards and risks?

Q; Describe what is meant by controls and give examples of controls to prevent hazards from causing incidents as well as controls to mitigate the consequences when a hazard does cause an accident/incident. Explain the hierarchy of control of hazards and risks, as in health and safety regulation?

Q; Explain the legal requirements regarding hazard identification and risk assessment. Describe the various sources of hazards:
a. Different types of hazards;
b. Impact of the various hazards;
c. Sources of the different types of hazards;
d. Energy as a source of hazard (what this is and how it works)?

Q; Give various scenarios of work situations with different hazards and potential risks. Without reference to the learning material:
a. Identify the various hazards;
b. Classify the hazards in terms of the potential for causing injury or damage;
c. Describe the associated risks and d. Indicate the relevant controls that can be put in place?

Q; Give practical examples to explain what hazards are, and how hazards relate to risks?

Q; Explain the concept of priority setting and relate it to the process of hazard and risk rating?

Q; Give scenarios of your typical workplace situations; indicate all the hazards in the given scenario and describe the risks that these hazards bring about.

Q; Explain what is meant by a working practice using three practical examples?

Q; Explain the concept of habits and how good and bad habits can be established with specific reference to occupational health and safety situations?

Q; Use experiences from your workplace to describe typical safe and unsafe work practices?

Behavioural safety questions

Q; Explain what is meant by behaviour, and how the behaviour of people influence their health and safety?

Q; Describe the factors that influence the behaviour of people, and give examples of this in a work environment?

Q; Identify and explain the role of behavioural modification in influencing the overall health and safety of employees?

Q; Explain what contribution leadership can make towards creating a culture where unacceptable behaviour regarding health and safety issues is not tolerated?

Q; Describe four different realistic safety behaviour incidents in your own workplace, and;
a. Identify the correct safety behaviours;
b. Identify incorrect safety behaviours;
c. Describe what could be done to improve the safety behaviours.

Incident investigation questions

Q; Explain the difference between an accident and incident?

Q; Describe the generally accepted hierarchy of how incidents lead to accidents, in terms of the Iceberg and the Domino concept?

Q; Explain the basic process of accident and incident investigation, using a practical workplace example in your industry?

Q; Describe the legal requirements regarding the need to investigate and report on all accidents and incidents?

Q; Describe the typical process for investigating accidents and incidents?

Q; Describe the criteria for effective accident and incident investigation?

Q; Give various accident and incident investigation scenarios identify the extent to which the investigations were effective and the appropriate criteria for effective investigations was met and motivate the reasons why the criteria is important?

OHS communication questions

Q; Explain a basic communication model, and describe workplace strategies to overcome the typical barriers to communication?

Q; Describe what is meant by coaching, influencing people, assertiveness and conflict?

Q; Explain a basic model for coaching?

Q; Explain what is meant by communication behaviours and communication processes and identify the basic communication behaviours that will enhance effective communication?

Q; Describe the difference between assertiveness and aggressiveness and give examples of each?

Q; Describe basic strategies for preventing and managing conflict?

Q; Explain the need for dealing with issues in an assertive manner?

Q; Describe the concepts and principles of effective communication and internal consulting?

Q; Give a range of individual and group communication, conflict and understanding gap scenarios, and
a. Indicate how the model of communication applies to solving communication and conflict problems;
b. Draw up appropriate coaching plans for subordinates;
c. Indicate the process of effectively influencing people to work according to standards?

• Source; Occupational Health and Safety Practitioner curriculum standard draft, under patronage of the MQA Seta, proposed to the QCTO.
• See extracts from the document, and the call to mining and general industry and labour to comment on the draft, on Sheqafrica.com.
• The potential questions above are generic, and partial. See other OHS management exam questions on Sheqafrica.com.
• To formulate answers, see posts on the relevant Sheq disciplines on Sheqafrica.com

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Edmond Furter

Editor at Sheqafrica.com
Edmond Furter is the editor of Sheqafrica.com. He is a freelance technical journalist, and has won six journalism awards. He specialises in industrial, business, and cultural content in web, journal, and book formats.

2 thoughts on “OHS management exam questions on hazards and behaviour

  1. Some good questions.

    One that always gets me is the Safety Behaviour, behaviour change etc. – we often forget all the traits that go behind it, including attitudes, socio-economic traits, occupational health psychology factors etc. I find that we try to make changing behaviours easy, when in fact it is a process and NOT A QUICK FIX, and is highly dependent on the Safety Maturity of the organisation, the inter and intra cultural aspects of both the organisation, and the external cultural background often made up of various other traits.

    Just a Though… we use this term very loosely, and not always in the correct context.


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