OHS management exam questions

Typical OHS management exam questions at NQF Levels 4, 5, 6, from the proposed vocational Occupational Health and Safety Practitioner curriculum standard.

The training includes theoretical knowledge, and practical skills exercises, and work experience. The sample questions below therefore also includes some typical practical exercises, and prompts for the content and format of work experience records, and mentorship programmes that employers should set up.

Health and safety budgeting questions

Q; Calculate and explain the short, medium and long term costs of accidents and incidents, in terms of direct and indirect costs, including humane aspects, socio economic impacts, ill health, etc?

Q; Identify the potential economic value of effectively managing Occupational Health and Safety?

Q; List, explain, and give examples of the elements of a typical Occupational Health and Safety budget?

Q; Describe the process for developing and managing an appropriate Occupational Health and Safety budget?

Q; Describe the impact of occupational health and safety performance on the value chain of a typical business?

Q; Use an integrated case exercise, including reports, statistics and data, to demonstrate a health and safety budget?

OHS management exam questions, practical exercises, and expeprience modules, are multi-disciplinary.
OHS management exam questions, practical exercises, and expeprience modules, are multi-disciplinary.

OHS operations management and supervision questions

Q; Describe the basic business system?

Q; Describe the fundamental business planning process and describe the role of strategy in it?

Q; Explain what is meant by strategy, vision, mission and business objectives?

Q; Describe how the fundamental business processes are applied in the occupational health and safety environment?

Q; Describe the concepts and principles of integrated value chain management?

Q; Use a range of OHS related problems in various business operations to describe the origin and impact of these problems in relation to the business system; and indicate the role that planning played in these problems and what needs to be changed in the planning processes to prevent similar problems in the future?

OHS management system questions

Q; List the key stakeholders involved in the prevention of accidents and incidents in the workplace?

Q; Describe the role of each of the key stakeholders in preventing accidents and incidents?

Q; Explain the consequences when a stakeholder does not execute their duty in incident prevention?

Q; Explain the role of the safety representative when one of the other stakeholders does not do what is expected of them?

Q; Give a list of stakeholders, and note what each of them must do to prevent incidents?

Q; Identify all the requirements applicable to Health and Safety risk management;
Legal (national, provincial and local);
Typical specified internal requirements;
Typical specified external requirements?

Q; Interpret and explain the use of risk profiles when developing policies and procedures for Occupational Health and Safety?

Q; Explain the generic processes for developing, approving and legitimizing policies, procedures and standards for OHS?

Q; Describe and give examples of the consequences of inadequate communication of OHS policies, procedures and standards?

Q; Explain what is meant by a system and what the difference is between systems and processes?

Q; List the typical components of an effective OHS system:
Hazard and risk identification;
Development of systems for compliance;
Communication and implementation of system requirements;
Evaluation and correction of deviations?

Q; Describe the South African national standard for OHS management systems, SANS /OHSAS 18001; and indicate how this aligns with the generic components of an effective OHS safety management system?

Q; Give a range of occupational circumstances relevant to different industries; identify the key components of a required Occupational Health and Safety management system; and develop a proposed system?

OHS management system practical exercise

Use a template for OHS reports, a range of raw OHS data, and other reports, including inspection results, audit results, incident investigation reports, complaints, statistics, medical surveillance, etc, and a group of decision makers, to;

[] Evaluate accident and incident investigation reports and assess the effectiveness of actions taken relevant to root cause analysis?

[] Gather, analyse and interpret the provided information?

[] Apply statistical analysis processes to analyse trends and present occupational health and safety data as meaningful information?

[] Populate the report template with the appropriate information?

[] Describe findings, observations, reach conclusions and develop appropriate corrective recommendations?

[] Prepare and make presentations of the report to decision makers?

OHS management practical experience records

Monitor and manage an OHS management system for a year, and keep records of these tasks;

[] Develop an annual safety report for the organisation, or a designated area of the organisation?

[] Generate monthly safety reports covering training, incidents, preventative and corrective actions, non-conformances, etc?

[] Feedback on management effectiveness on priorities or focus areas, and additional priority action plans?

[] Identify and deal with issues requiring immediate action?

[] Prepare for and participate in external auditing or inspection?

[] Develop action plans for sustained monitoring of OHS indicators?

[] Participate in management reviews and provide advice on OHS issues?

[] Participation in a recognised Health and Safety Management System?

[] Participation in a mentorship or coaching process?

• Source; Extracts relevant to OHS management exam questions, including health and safety management systems, and OHS management budgeting, from the Occupational Health and Safety Practitioner curriculum standard draft, under patronage of the MQA /Mining Seta, proposed to the QCTO.
• See other extracts from the vocational training standard on Sheqafrica.com
• See other posts on OHS management disciplines, and other specialised Sheq disciplines, on Sheqafrica.com

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9 thoughts on “OHS management exam questions

  1. DO any one have the model answers to these questions please?

    Edmond replies; Last year’s posts include typical exam answers. The Search function on Sheqafrica.com has 83 results for the term ‘exam questions’. You could start with the older posts at the end of the list. South African OHS textbooks are few and far between. You could develop answers from your old course material, or search for relevant posts titled ‘How to…’. OHS management also relies in part on ISO 9001, so you could check posts on that theme. Borrowing from one source is plagiarism. Borrowing from 20 sources is research.

  2. I just want to know when can we expect the approved cirriculum for OHS Practitioner.

  3. “Health and safety budgeting questions

    Q; Calculate and explain the short, medium and long term costs of accidents and incidents, in terms of direct and indirect costs, including humane aspects, socio economic impacts, ill health, etc?”

    OKAY!! So we can budget for accidents? Nice Safety Culture we are teaching the young and upcoming H&S Practitioners. And the “good guys” where no accidents happened in the past 20 years would get no funding!!

    This question belongs in RISK MANAGEMENT exams, so we can insure ourselves against the possible cost of accidents and the resulting claims and penalties. How long is a piece of string? Or are we just using the Iceberg vs Titanic theory yet again?

    ==== Edmond notes; Yes, this question is not strictly relevant to budgeting. I just grouped the bean counting questions together, also since most of these are new additions to the traditional OHS training scope.

  4. “Q; Describe the impact of occupational health and safety performance on the value chain of a typical business?”

    Estimated profit before submitting H&S File = R45 000
    Penalties incurred for late start of project = R35 000
    Standing time (labour cost only) = R24 500
    Impact of Construction health & safety on a typical business = – R14 500

  5. “Q; Give a range of occupational circumstances relevant to different industries; identify the key components of a required Occupational Health and Safety management system; and develop a proposed system?”

    Okay really, you have to be at least 40 years in the profession to have this kind of knowledge.
    Circumstances relevant to different industries? Develop a proposed system for all of it?
    WTF!!! Who created this crap?

    ==== Edmond notes; This question may be among the practical exercises. Typically, training providers would provide the scenario or circumstances. In vocational training, theory is basic, and practical is complex.

  6. “Q; Explain the consequences when a stakeholder does not execute their duty in incident prevention?”

    I guess nothing happens when the DOL is included as a stakeholder.

  7. Q; Explain what is meant by a system, and what the difference is between systems and processes?

    A process is how you develop a system. A system is how you control a process.

    ==== Edmond notes; I think what the curriculi of training providers will contain in this regard, is describing systems in terms of systemic elements (such as risk assessment, job specs, legal register, corporate procedures, standards, meetings procedures, inspection, data capture, conversion to information, interventions, improvement, etc); versus macro management process elements, such as plan, do, check, assess.
    To demonstrate that learners do not confuse systems, standards, and processes.
    A similar question could be to ask for the differences between standards and mangement systems. Some managers mistka standards for systems.

  8. “Q; Describe how the fundamental business processes are applied in the occupational health and safety environment?”

    Type in Google “fundamental business processes” And then you tell me!!
    Accounting, Finance, Marketing, Production, HR and IT.
    Well in Occupational Health, we apply production processes in family planning.
    In Safety we apply accounting processes to work out the cost of an accident.
    On National Aids Day, we apply marketing processes by giving away free condoms.
    But we dare not involve HR, or report to them.
    And we apply IT processes like Facebook, Whatsapp and LinkedIn to get our H&S Reports up to date.

    I think this should be Management Functions, not business processes; Planning, Leading, Co-ordinating, Controlling and Resourcing

    ==== Edmond notes; This questions follows in the Deming model of four basic business processes (PDAC).

  9. Q; Describe the South African national standard for OHS management systems, SANS /OHSAS 18001; and indicate how this aligns with the generic components of an effective OHS safety management system?

    What South African standard? OHSAS 18001 will be dead before this course gets approved. ISO 45000 is taking over.
    How does ISO standards align to generic systems? It does not. Whose generic system? NOSA’s MBO?
    And since when is generic systems effective?

    ==== Edmond notes; SABS had adopted 18001 as a SANS, since it is popular.
    I found some other curriculum elements to be outdated. For example, the Heinrich /Bird incident stats model is in there, on which I commented earlier (see below an earlier exam questions post), and also commented to the MQA /Seta and QCTO, asking to replace that element with another statistical element in the draft. For example, leading indicators metrics.
    There are also several new elements.
    Between the curriculum draft involving the forum of practitioners, that ended in 2014, and the draft circulated last month, with only about two weeks to comment (see the post on the call for comment), the structure changed somewhat, and one or two things were snuck in.
    At the end of the work experience component, near the end of the curriculum, there is a requirement for OHS work log books to be signed off by the relevant management appointee, and by a mentor who is competent “and/or registered with a professional body”. This is an obvious attempt by the IOSM and SAIOSH faction/s in the draft forum, to equate their voluntary memberships with competence. The pretext for dragging registration into this otherwise noble document, is construction registration, another case of the construction tail sneaking up to wag the OHS dog.
    I trust that mining and other employers, and HR practitioners, would know that OHS competence has various meanings in various industries and practices, and would know what OHS competence means in the context of their job specs. Other industries should not be dragged into the grey areas of voluntary, privatised, and unaccountable ‘professionalisation’ by open-ended elements in a curriculum standard. The kind of element that lends itself to misrepresentation as being ‘statutory’, and ‘required’, while it is not.
    The new 2015 DHET curriculum standard for National Diploma in Occupational Safety, which is a SHE curriculum, does not mention registration anywhere. If tertiary SHE training does not require ‘professional registration’, why should vocational OHS training conjure it?
    I have asked the MQA /Seta and QCTO to remove the “and/or registered” part of the sentence from the draft.

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