How To...

How to integrate health and safety in construction phases

Role-players should integrate management of health and safety in construction phases, the ACHASM conference 2015 in Cape Town agreed.

The discussion session of the conference on ‘A Team Approach to Zero Fatalities, Injuries, and Disease’, in Cape Town on 20 October 2015, proposed a range of specific interventions in the six stages of construction.

The proposals include the formalised use of Health and Safety Building Council (H&SBC) ratings, and the Construction Industry Development Board (CIDB) health and safety demerit system.

The six groups of interventions in health and safety in the construction phases resulted from a 40-minute discussion facilitated by Prof John Smallwood;

Construction project initiation and briefing phase
• Partnering approach /Collaborative working protocols
• Client briefing must address H&S goals
• Briefing of designers on client H&S goals
• Design ‘Analysts’ must be appointed
• Financiers must interrogate H&S / records H&S conditions when financing projects
• Optimum /diverse team involvement on H&S
• ‘See the end at the beginning’
• Emphasis on ‘designing for H&S’.

Construction concept and feasibility phase
• Briefing of designers on client H&S goals
• Insurers must assess designers on previous performance
• Implementation of BIM
• Constructability reviews
• Emphasis on ‘designing for H&S’ /team reviews
• H&S Building Council (H&SBC) rating of design.

Construction design development phase
• Emphasis on ‘designing for H&S’ /team reviews
• Consultation of CHSAs when design changes (imperative)
• H&SBC rating of designs
• ‘Prevention through design’ approach.

Construction tender documentation and procurement phase
• Insurers must assess contractors on previous performance
• Pretender site visit /project brief to include the H&S specification relative to the project trades
• Project specific H&S Specification (a requirement, but not the norm)
• Briefing of contractors on client H&S goals
• H&SBC rating of design
• ‘Two envelope’ tender system – one with H&S qualification(s)
• Detailed H&S Preliminaries
• CIDB H&S demerit system.

Construction documentation and management phase
• CIDB H&S demerit system
• Scientific design of support work (a requirement, but is it the norm?)
• Support work ‘compliance certificate’
• Risk review of design changes and adjustments to H&S plans
• Review of the contractor’s risk management of H&S during the construction process Continuous toolbox talks (risk based) and assessment thereof. Actual engagement i.e. facilitation
• Site specific trade specific documentation
• Continuous risk assessment and behaviour based H&S.

Construction project close-out phase
• H&SBC rating of design and ‘construction’
• H&S ‘completion certificate’
• CIDB contractor performance report
• H&S ‘lessons learnt’ included in ‘close out’ report
• ‘Building’s’ H&S File (as intended)
• CIDB H&S demerit system.

Source; ACHASM symposium 2015.

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